adreno-, adren-, -adrenal-
(Latin: a gland or the glands near the kidneys: ad-, "near" plus ren[es], "kidneys")
The name applies to the adrenal glands because of their proximity to the kidneys.
adrenogenic, adrenogenous (adjective) (not comparable)
Regarding the adrenal gland or to the adrenal cortex: Jim found out that his ailment was of an adrenogenic nature and originated fron the adrenal.
adrenogenital (adjective) (not comparable)
A reference to the adredal glands and to the genitals: Adrenogenital effects of adrenocortical hormones can result in bodily disorders.
The adrenogenital syndrome characterizes a group of ailments whereby an unusual production of steroid hormones by the adrenal cortex leads to a deviation of sexual characteristics, particularly those of virilization of females.
adrenogram (s) (noun), adrenograms (pl)
An X-ray or a roentgenogram of one or both adrenal glands: An adrenogram is rarely used as a single procedure, but can be a part of an abdominal CT or another kind of abdominal process or method.
adrenokinetic (adjective) (not comparable)
Descriptive of the stimulation of the adrenal glands: Thomas learned that his adrenokinetic disorder also referred to adrenokinesis, which was an old-fashioned term.
adrenolytic (adjective) (not comparable)
Referring to something that prevents the development of adrenaline: Adrenolytic drugs can inhibit or block the action of norepinephrine and epinephrine, or even sympathomimetics.
adrenomegaly (s) (noun) (no pl)
Enlargement of the adrenal glands: When Tom was examined by Dr. Tall, he was told that he had a case of adrenomegaly, or an increase of growth in his suprarenal glands.
adrenomimetic (adjective) (not comparable)
Referring to a process resembling that of the adrenal hormones; sympathomimetic: An adrenomimetic action is similar to that of epinephrine and norepinephrine.
The adrenomimetic activity is similar to those of adrenergic compounds which are released from the suprarenal medulla and adrenergic nerves.
adrenopathy (s) (noun), adrenopathies (pl)
Any diseased or ailing condition of the adrenal glands; adrenolopathy: When Doug went to see Dr. Snail for his yearly health examination, he was informed that he had a slight case of adrenopathy, which was a disorder of the suprarenal glands.
adrenopause (s) (noun) (no pl)
A lessening in the amount of discharge or secretion and levels of adrenal androgens: The level of adrenal androgens starts to increase about the age of 7 years, it reaches up to a maximum point around the age of 20 to 25 years, and then declines slowly at a rate of 2% per year thenceforth.
adrenoprival (s) (noun) (no pl)
A loss of adrenal function: Adenoprival, or the decline of adrenal action, is a result either of a disease or of a surgical excision.
adrenoreactive (adjective), more adrenoreactive, most adrenoreactive
Referring to a reaction to catecholamines: An adrenoreactive response to the production of hormones by the adrenal glands in bodily processes might cause a negative effect on the heart rate, blood pressure, the way the body uses food, or some other vital function, possibly as a result of an ailment of the adrenal glands.
adrenostatic (adjective) (not comparable)
Regarding the inhibition of adrenal gland action. An adrenostatic disease can cause a suppression of granular activity.
adrenotoxin (s) (noun), adrenotoxins (pl)
A substance poisonous to the adrenal glands: Cancer, tuberculosis, inherited disorders, or fungal infections are types of adrenotoxins which can create an insufficiency in the function of the suprarenal glands.
adrenotrophic, adrenotropic (adjective) (not comparable)
Regarding something that stimulates the adrenal glands: In the book that Jane was reading, she learned about three adrenotrophic ways to activate the adrenal glands, like getting enough sleep, increasing the intake of protein and fat, and cutting down on caffein.
anadrenalism (s) (noun) (no pl)
Total lack of adrenal function: Anadrenalism is an old-fashioned term for the absence or failure of the proper activity of the adrenal glands.