adreno-, adren-, -adrenal-
(Latin: a gland or the glands near the kidneys: ad-, "near" plus ren[es], "kidneys")
The name applies to the adrenal glands because of their proximity to the kidneys.
adrenal (adjective), more adrenal, most adrenal
Pertaining to the area near or upon the kidney: A hormone that is secreted by the suprarenal or adrenal gland can raise a person's blood pressure.
adrenalectomize (verb), adrenalectomizes; adrenalectomized; adrenalectomizing
To surgically remove the adrenal glands: In order to adrenalectomize during the operation, Dr. Miller explained that either the excision of one (unilateral adrenalectomy) or both (bilateral adrenalectomy) of the endoctrine glands, also called "suprarenal glands" and situated above each kidney, would be necessary.
adrenalectomy (s) (noun), adrenalectomies (pl)
The removal of one or more adrenal glands: An adrenalectomy is a surgical operation regarding the adrenal glands which are part of the endocrine system and are located just above the kidneys.
Adrenalectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is most often performed laparoscopically. A laparoscope is a device that allows the physician to see the surgical area with a small camera. Laparoscopic procedures use smaller incisions than traditional, open procedures.
adrenaline (s) (noun), adrenalines (pl)
A hormone emitted by the adrenal glands: Adrenaline is released when a person's body is under stress, which increases the rate of blood circulation and breathing, and when a person gets his or her muscles ready for exertion or exercise.
adrenalism (s) (noun) (no pl)
One of the possible illnesses of adrenal function: The disorder adrenalism can be a decreased function of the adrenal glands, or of a small endocrine gland.
adrenalitis (s) (noun) (no pl)
Inflammation of the adrenal gland: Adrenalitis can develop into an insufficiency or inadequacy of aldosterone or even cortisol.
adrenalopathy (s) (noun), adrenalopathies (pl)
Any diseased or abnormal condition of the adrenal glands: Adrenalopathy includes the glands that are situated above each kidney, secreting hormones which control the heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolism (all the chemical processes that take place in the body).
adrenalotropic (adjective), more adrenalotropic, most adrenalotropic
Regarding something that affects of acts on the adrenal glands: Jack had to take some adrenalotropic medicine to cure the infection he had regarding his adrenal glands.
adrenergic (adjective), more adrenergic, most adrenergic
Regarding something that releases or activates adrenaline or a substance similar to adrenaline; sympathomimetic: In his seminar, Timothy learned about adrenergic agents which cause physiological effects resembling those of epinephrine.
adrenic (noun), more adrenic, most adrenic
Concerning the suprarenal gland: Jim learned that adrenic glands pertained to the endocrine organs close to the anterior medial border of the kidney.
adrenin (s) (noun), adrinins (pl)
Epinephrine: Adrenin is prepared from adrenal extracts, or it can be made synthetically, and is especially utilized in stimulating the heart during a cardiac arrest, or also to treat allergic reactions that might be fatal.
adrenitis, adrenalitis (s) (noun) (no pl)
Inflammation of the adrenal glands: Adrenitis can affect one or both of the adrenal glands and can cause or develop into a shortage or inadequateness of aldosterone or cortisol.
adrenoceptive (adjective) (not comparable)
Concerning the adrenergic receptor: Adrenoceptive sites are those in tissues or organs that are acted on by adrenergic transmitters.
adrenocorticotrophic (adjective) (not comparable)
Referring to the stimulation of the adrenal cortex; adrenocorticotropic: One option for a person's adrenal glands to produce more cortisone is to have an adrenocorticotrophic hormone injected into the body.
adrenocorticotrophin (s) (noun) (no pl)
A hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex; ATCH: Adrenocorticotrophin is a hormone that prompts or encourages the discharge of cortisol and additional hormones by the adrenal cortex.