(Latin: sing, singing; a song)
2. Etymology: from about 1300, which came from Old French chante-cler, "sing-loud"; a name of a rooster in medieval stories of "Reynard the Fox".
2. An ornamental melody or counterpoint sung or played above a theme; or the highest part sung in a musical part.
3. A lengthy discourse on a subject: "The politician tended to make descants that were too long and complicated; when a shorter, to-the-point, answer to questions from the audience would be much more acceptable."
4. Etymology: from about 1380, from Anglo-French deschaunt; from Medieval Latin (as written and spoken about 700 to 1500) discantus, "a refrain, part-song"; from Latin dis-, "asunder, apart" + cantus, "song" from the past participle of canere, "to sing".
The spelling was partly Latinized in the 16th century. It originally meant, "counterpoint"; the sense of "talk at length" was first recognized in 1649.
2. To free someone from a belief: "Joe was disenchanted from the magic spell when he realized how it was a trick and not a real situation."
3. To rid of, or to free from, enchantment, illusion, credulity, etc.
4. Etymology: from about 1586, from Middle French (language as written and spoken about 1400 to 1600) desenchanter, from des-, "dis-" + enchanter, "to enchant" (from Middle English enchanten, from Old French enchanter, from Latin incantre, "to utter an incantation, to cast a spell", from en-, in-, "against" + cantre, "to sing".
2. Etymology: from obsolete French desenchanter, from Old French, "to break a spell" from des-, dis-, "apart, away from" + enchanter, "to enchant" or "to put a magic spell upon".
2. To put someone or something under a magic spell or influence.
3. To delight to a high degree or to attract and to hold the attention of someone, or something, by being interesting, pretty, etc.: "Visitors will be enchanted, captivated, and charmed by the beauty of the place."
2. A person who delights or fascinates a person or people.
2. The act of producing certain wonderful effects by the invocation or aid of demons, or the agency of certain supposed spirits; the use of magic arts, spells or charms; incantation.
3. An irresistible influence or an overpowering influence of delight.
4. Etymology: from about 1297, from Old French enchantement, from enchanter, "bewitch, charm"; from Latin incantare, literally, "to chant (a magic spell) upon"; from in-, "upon, into" + cantare, "to sing".
2. A woman who casts spells or who practices magic; a sorceress.
2. A set of words spoken or chanted as a supposedly magic spell: The preacher was trying to produce a miracle by using incantations.
3. Etymology: from about 1390, which came from Old French incantation, from Latin incantationem, incantatio, "art of enchanting"; from incantus, past participle of incantare, "to bewitch, to charm"; literally, "to sing spells".
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2. Something, such as the fear of punishment or the expectation of reward, that induces action or motivates an effort: The fear of having to go to the principal's office after school was a strong incentive for Gertrude to follow the rules of the playground.
3. Etymology: from about 1432, from Late Latin incentivum, the noun use of neuter Latin incentivus, "setting the tune"; in Late Latin "inciting", from the stem of incinere, "to strike up, to sound, to sing"; from in-, "in, into" + canere, "to sing".
The sense, or meaning, is influenced by association with Latin incendere, "to kindle, to set on fire"; however, keep in mind that incentive does NOT come from this etymological source.