linqu-, lict-

(Latin: to leave, to abandon)

corpus delicti
Body of the crime.

The basic [or body] of facts [necessary to prove the existence of a specific crime]. This refers to evidence which can be used to convict a thief; such as, catching him with stolen goods; or proof in a murder trial of the actual death of the victim. It does not mean the body of the victim.

Another translation: "The terrible evidence that a crime has been committed." An example might be arson, in which the corpus delicti might be some proof (a gasoline can?) that the fire was set on purpose not just a burned-down building.

1. In civil and criminal law, a wrong or injury done to someone.
2. A legal offense; a misdemeanor.
3. An offense or transgression against the law.
4. Etymology: from Latin delictum, "fault, offense, transgression"; a form of delinquere, "to fail, to be lacking, to transgress, to offend"; from de and linquere, "to leave".
delinquency (s) (noun), delinquencies (pl)
1. Juvenile delinquency is an antisocial misdeed in violation of the law by a minor.
2. Antisocial or illegal behavior or acts; especially, by young people.
3. A tendency to be negligent and uncaring: Peter inherited his delinquency from his father.
4. A failure in or the neglect of duty or obligation; dereliction; default; such as, a debt, that is past due: Sharon was accused of delinquency in payment of her car payment.
5. Any misdeed, offense, or misdemeanor: Delinquency is the failure of any kind to perform a required duty or obligation.

delinquent (adjective), more delinquent, most delinquent
1. Failing to do what the law or duty requires.
2. Overdue in payment; such as, a delinquent account.
3. A person who neglects or fails to do what the law or duty requires: A delinquent leaves off doing what he or she ought to do; such as, delinquent debtors leave their bills unpaid.
4. Etymology: from the late 15th century, from Middle French délinquant, délinquer, and directly from Latin delinquentum and delinquens, forms of delinquere, "to fail; to be wanting, to fall short; to offend"; from de-, "completely" + linquere, "to leave".
Relating to, or characteristic of a delinquent.
derelict (s) (noun), derelicts (pl)
1. A person who is abandoned by society; especially, a person without a permanent home and means of support; a vagrant; a homeless person, a bum.
2. A vessel (a boat or a ship) abandoned in open water by its officers and crew without any hope or intention of returning to it; a ship abandoned on the high seas.
3. Personal property abandoned or thrown away by the owner.
4. Someone who is guilty of neglect of duty: A human derelict is someone who by reason of his/her actions, etc., has been abandoned by respectable people.
5. Etymology: from Latin derelictus, "solitary, deserted"; the past participle of dereliquere. "to abandon, to forsake, to desert"; from de-, "entirely" + relinquere, "to leave behind".
derelict (adjective), more derelict, most derelict
1. A reference to someone who fails to do what should be done: The police officer was charged with being derelict in his duty when he failed to arrest a man for mistreating his wife.
2. Descriptive of a person who does not take care of another individual: The derelict husband neglected to wake up his wife so she could get ready for work in time.
Pertaining to being remiss or neglectiful of one's responsibility.
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dereliction (s) (noun), derelictions (pl)
1. A deliberate or conscious neglect of someone or something: The security guard at the bank committed a dereliction of his duty when he was not available to stop the robber because the officer was down in the locker room eating a sandwich.
2. An act of not doing what a person or people are responsible for: A dereliction of military duty that soldiers were obligated to perform was the reason for their punishment.
3. Etymology: from the 1590s, "abandonment"; formerly with an extended sense than in modern use; that is, of the sea withdrawing from the land; from Latin derelictionem, derelictio, from the stem of derelinquere, "to forsake wholly, to abandon"; from de- "entirely" + relinquere, "to leave behind".
A neglect in doing what is supposed to be done.
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in flagrante delicto (s) (adverb) (no comparatives)
Descriptive of discovering someone behaving in an illegitimate and unethical way: An in flagrante delicto refers to a legal term which is used to indicate that a criminal has been caught in the act of committing an illegal offense; literally, "with the crime still blazing".

The phrases: "caught red-handed" or "caught in the act" are English equivalents of in flagrante delicto.

juvenile delinquent, juvenile delinquency
Someone who is guilty of antisocial behavior or of violations of the law, but is too young to be punished as an adult criminal.
locus delicti
The place of a crime.

A corpus delicti establishes that a crime has been committed; while a locus delicti is the place where the crime occurred.

Nemo debet bis puniri pro uno delicto (Latin statement)
No one ought to be punished twice for one offense.

No one shall be placed in peril (jeopardy) of legal penalties more than once upon the same accusation.

Double jeopardy is forbidden in the United States constitution and protects against a second prosecution for the same offense after acquittal or conviction and against multiple punishments for the same offense.

1. An object left over from the past and preserved as a memento or object of veneration.
2. Something kept in remembrance; a souvenir; a memento.

A relic is any object surviving from an earlier culture, especially a valuable or symbolic object.

In religion, a relic is the mortal remains of a saint and includes any object that has been in contact with the saint. Christianity was governed throughout the Middle Ages by the belief that spiritual virtue could be transmitted through relics of a person who in life was blessed with miraculous powers.

Coffins and small objects; such as, combs, jewelry, and clothing were commonly sanctified and subsequently housed in beautiful reliquary caskets or shrines.

Ecclesiastical centers with a collection of relics would be visited by large numbers of pilgrims, especially on saints' days, when the objects were put on special display and sometimes paraded.

3. Etymology: from early in the 13th century; "a body part or other object from a holy person"; from Old French relique, from Late Latin reliquiæ (pl.), "remains of a martyr"; from Latin, "remains, remnant" a noun use of the feminine plural of reliquus, "remaining, that which remains"; from re-, "back" + root of linquere, "to leave".

The meaning of "remains, ruins" is from the early 14th century of Old English that used reliquias, which came directly from Latin.

1. A geological feature that is a remnant of a pre-existing formation after other parts have disappeared.
2. An organism or species surviving as a remnant of an otherwise extinct flora or fauna in an environment which has changed considerably from that in which it originated.
3. A species of organism surviving long after the extinction of a related species, or a once widespread natural population, surviving only in isolated localities because of environmental changes.
4. Etymology: from Middle Latin relicta, "widow"; a noun use of the feminine form of relictus, "abandoned, left behind"; which came from Latin relinquere, "to leave behind".
relict soil (s) (noun), relict soils (pl)
Earth formed on a pre-existing landscape but which was not subsequently buried under younger sediments: It should be taken into account that relict soils may represent a wide range of time periods.