serv-, -serve

(Latin: servare, to watch, to keep safe, to protect, to maintain; to preserve)

Don't confuse this serv-, -serve with another Latin serv- which means "servant" or "slave".

1. To see, watch, perceive, or notice: "He observed the passersby in the street."
2. To regard with attention; especially, so as to see or learn something: "I want you to observe her reaction to the judge's question."
3. To watch, view, or note for a scientific, official, or other special purpose: "She wanted to observe the eclipse of the moon."
preservable (adjective) (nor comparable)
Capable of being kept in a certain condition: The peaches were preservable because they could be canned and used at a later date.
preservation (s) (noun), preservations (pl)
1. The procedure or the measures taken to keep something of value intact, functioning and animate, and free from decay: The Lawson family always supported the preservation of the forests and state parks.
2. The activity of getting food ready for future use to avoid it spoiling: The preservation of food for the winter was important for Jane's family, so she made jams, canned peaches, and froze berries for enjoying later that year.
preserve (s) (noun), preserves (pl)
1. A confectionary preparation of fruit products cooked with sugar: There were many jars of preserves in the basement, but mainly more black current jelly than anything else!
2. A reservation, a natural protected area: The Rawsons loved to visit wildlife preserves or sanctuaries on their trips, especially those which protected many animals from hunters.
3. A domaine that is especially set aside for someone: Women have entered the preserve of medicine which was formally dominated by men.
1. Something stored up, kept back, or relied upon, for future use or advantage; a store or stock; an extra quantity.
2. The amount of capital kept on hand by a banker, insurance company, etc., in order to meet ordinary or probable demands.
3. Kept or remaining unutilized; still available.
reserve, reserve
reserve (ri ZURV) (noun)
1. Descriptive of a lack of communication or a lack of volunteering information; characteristic of a person who is shy or who shows self-restraint: The witness had a steady reserve in the face of persistent questioning by the lawyer.
2. That which is set aside for later use: Aurora decided to keep the extra jar of strawberry jam in reserve for breakfast.

Nathan kept funds in reserve in the sugar bowl for emergency expenses.

3. Military forces that are not on active duty but that can be called upon in emergencies: Craig's nephew was an officer in the naval reserve and he was called upon to provide aid to ships during the severe storms at sea.
4. An area of a country that is set aside for a special purpose: The mountain goats lived in the reserve high in the mountains.
reserve (RI surv) (verb)
To arrange for something to be saved: Sean asked that the management reserve a table for him and his family near the window of the restaurant.

Karl will reserve his comments until after the budget for the condominium fund reserve has been approved.