camer- +

(Latin: chamber; from Greek kamara, anything with a vaulted or arched cover; a vault, arched ceiling, or roof)

astronomical camera, astrophysical camera
A camera designed to record astronomical phenomena; such as, stars, nebulae, galaxies, or planets, and the spectra of such phenomena.

A bicameral government has two legislative branches or chambers, like the House and the Senate of the United States.

1. An apparatus for taking photographs, generally consisting of a lightproof enclosure having an aperture with a shuttered lens through which the image of an object is focused and recorded on a photosensitive film or plate.
2. Any of several electronic scanning and imaging devices; such as, a gamma camera, that enables radiation patterns to be visualized on a cathode-ray tube, computer printout, photographic film, etc.
3. The part of a television transmitting apparatus that receives the primary image on a light-sensitive cathode-ray tube and transforms it into electrical impulses.
4. Any enclosed space; cavity, or chamber.
5. A judge's private chamber.
6. Etymology: in Modern Latin camera obscura, "dark chamber" (a black box with a lens that could project images of external objects), from Latin camera, "vaulted room"; from Greek kamara, "vaulted chamber".

Contrasted with camera lucida, Latin, "light chamber"; which uses prisms to produce an image on paper beneath the instrument, which can be traced.

Shortened to "camera" when modern photography began, in about 1840; which was extended to television filming devices in about 1928.

camera anterior bulbi, anterior chamber of the eye, camera oculi major
The anterior portion of the anterior segment of the eyeball, situated between the cornea anteriorly and the lens and iris posteriorly.

It contains aqueous humor that drains through the iridocorneal angle at its periphery and communicates with the posterior chamber through the pupil.

camera lucida
An optical device that uses prisms, mirrors, and sometimes a microscope to project a virtual image on a plane so it can be traced.
chamber (s), chambers (pl) (nouns)
1. A big room in a public building; especially, one that is used for meetings.
2. Roms that are used for some special reason.
3. Formerly a term for a private room or a bedroom.
4. The offices used by judges.
5. An enclosed space; such as, one that is inside a machine, a plant, or someone's body.
6. A section in a gun where a person can put bullets.
7. One of the sections of a legislature; for example, there are governmental systems in which there are lower chambers; for example, the United States House of Representatives and upper chambers; such as, the United States Senate.
chamber music
Music that is composed for small ensembles of instrumentalists.

In its original sense, chamber music referred to music composed for the home, as opposed to that written for the theater or church.

Since the "home" (whether it be drawing room, reception hall, or palace chamber) may be assumed to be of limited size, chamber music usually has no more than one player to a part and it usually has no conductor.

It is music which has been written for combinations of stringed or wind instruments, often with a keyboard (piano or harpsichord) as well, and music for voices with or without accompaniment have historically been included in the chamber music term.

1. A passage through which smoke and gases escape from a fire or a furnace; a flue.
2. A hollow vertical structure, usually made of brick or steel, that allows gas, smoke, or steam from a fire or a furnace to escape into the atmosphere.
3. A part of a volcano or an oceanic ridge through which magma percolates, adding to the precipitated mineral matter that has accumulated.
4. A narrow vertical cleft in a rock face that is large enough for a climber to get inside and to utilize for climbing higher.
5. A passage or pipe inside a chimney through which smoke or steam escapes.
6. A tube, usually made of glass, used to enclose the flame of a lantern with the purpose of providing better illumination and preventing wind drafts from interfering with the light that is coming from the burning wick.
7. Etymology: from the late 13th century Old French cheminee, "fire place" and from Modern French cheminée, which came from Late Latin caminata, camera, "fireplace, room with a fireplace" which came from Latin caminatus, an adjective form of caminus, "hearth, oven, flue"; from Greek kaminos, "furnace, oven".
chimney breast, chimney breasts
1. A part of a wall which extends out into a room to cover a chimney.
2. A projecting section of an interior wall surrounding a chimney or fireplace.
chimney corner
A recessed seat, beside or within a large old-fashioned open fireplace.
chimney pot
A short earthenware or metal pipe placed on the top of a chimney in order to increase the draft.
chimney stack
A tall, often cylindrical, chimney attached to a factory or other large industrial building.
chimney sweep
Someone who cleans the insides of chimneys by removing the soot from those chimneys.
The mantel of a fireplace, especially its projecting top shelf which projects from wall above a fireplace.