Latin Proverbs, Mottoes, Phrases, and Words: Group I
(classical-language maxims, slogans, adages, proverbs, and words of wisdom that can still capture our modern imagination)
Expressions of general truths: Latin to English maxims, proverbs, and mottoes
Word entries are from Latin unless otherwise indicated.
Pronounced in Latin as [in ahb SEN tee uh] but in English as [in ab SEN shuh]. One may be awarded a university degree in absentia or be convicted of a crime in absentia; in the former case because of the inability of someone to appear for the academic ceremony, in the latter because somebody is beyond the reach of the law by being in another country or whose location is unknown.
Petronius (c. 27-66 A.D.) was a Roman courtier, satirist writer, and credited with writing the Satyricon (Tales of Satyrs); a long satirical romance in prose and verse of which only parts of the 15th and 16th books, in a fragmentary state, still survive.
A statement made in articulo mortis, "at the point of death", carries special weight; since it is believed that a person about to die has nothing to gain, perhaps much to lose, by lying.
Motto of St. Lawrence College, Ramsgate, U.K.
Current meaning is "in private" which is applied especially to a hearing held by a judge in her/his chambers, or in an office, with the public and the press excluded. A judge's chambers [singular] is his/her private office for discussing cases or legal matters not taken up in open court.
Motto of Tonbridge School, U.K.
Motto of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. It is also translated as, "In God we trust."
An unabridged text is given in extenso or word for word.
Motto of Leys School, Cambridge, U.K.
Motto of Agnes Scott College, Decatur, Georgia, USA.
Motto of the Order of St. George, Bavaria, Germany.
The phrases: "caught red-handed" or "caught in the act" are English equivalents of in flagrante delicto.