(Latin: rendere from reddere, "to give back, to restore; to give up; to translate")

extraordinary rendition (s) (noun), extraordinary renditions (pl)
A U.S. government term for an extra judicial procedure that sends suspects or generally suspected terrorists, to countries other than the United States for imprisonment and interrogation: The victim challenged his extraordinary rendition in the international courts, alleging extreme physical pain and confinement.

Beginning about 1995, the Central Intelligence Agency inaugurated a form of extradition sometimes referred to as extraordinary rendition, in which captured foreign terrorism suspects have been transported by the U.S. to other countries for interrogation; often involving cruel treatment.

Another blow to America's self-proclaimed standing as a pillar of moral values was the revelation that the C.I.A. has been operating a super-secret network of prisons overseas, presumably for terror suspects. If someone who is innocent gets caught in that particular hell, too bad. The inmates have been deprived of all rights.

—Bob Herbert, "Dangerous Territory"; The New York Times;
December 19, 2005.
misrender, (verb) misrenders; misrendered; misrendering
To translate or to recite incorrectly or improperly: "Ms. Smith accidentally misrendered the meaning of a key word in her translations for the medical dictionary and so she had to render a supplemental correction."
pre-rendered, prerendered (adjective)
A description of anything that is not explained in real-time: "Pre-rendered graphics, in computer graphics, is video footage that is not being presented in real-time by the hardware that is producing or playing back the video."
render (verb), renders; rendered; rendering (verb forms)
1. Cause to become or to make: The shot from mall shooter rendered a man helpless.
2. To submit or present, as for consideration, approval, or payment: The food service staff was asked by the customer to render a bill for payment."
3. To give or make available; to provide: Marie tried to render assistance to her sick friend."
4. To represent in verbal form; to depict: Henry was able to render a written explanation for being late to the business meeting.
5. In computer science, to convert graphics from a file into a visual form; as on a video display: Martin's friend bought a new computer program that would render his graphics into a DVD format.
6. To express in another language or form; to translate: Marissa had to pay a professional translator to render the text of her new book from its original English to Italian for distribution in Italy.
renderable (adjective) (not comparable)
1. Able to present for consideration or approval: At the staff meeting a few opinions and ideas were renderable regarding the class trips the following year.
2. Possible to express in a different linguistic communication: The text was renderable or translatable in any foreign language.
renderer (s) (noun), renderers (pl)
Someone who causes something to exist: "A software renderer made it possible for the computer hardware to process and to generate a visual image of the model that was proposed."
render-set, renderset (verb), render-sets; render-set; render-setting
To cover with two coats of plaster: "The painter render-set the walls so they will now look smooth and more attractive."
rendition (s) (noun), renditions (pl)
1. The act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance: "The musicians presented a rendition of music that the audience considered extraordinary."
2. A translation of a literary work into another language: "Henry was asked if he had read the Italian rendition of the original Shakespeare verse."
3. An explanation of something that is not immediately obvious: "Imitations are often utilized to provide a more accurate rendition of a child's intended meaning."

A rendition of information about rendition

The core meaning of "rendition" is "the act or result of rendering", taking us back to the verb "to render", which derives from the Latin rendere, meaning "to give back".

Render is a verb with many senses, but the relevant ones for us now are "to produce, hand over, surrender, or submit". The noun "rendition", which first appeared in English in the early 17th century, originally meant "the surrender of a garrison, place, or thing", a bit later including the surrender or forcible return of a person; such as, escaped slaves were often "rendered" (returned to their owners) by northern U.S. states before the Civil War.

Subsequent senses of "rendition" developed by the 19th century focused more on the "give" sense of "render", and "rendition" in the popular speech of the 20th century usually meant a musician's or a singer's "treatment" of a song.

—Compiled with some revisions of excerpts by Evan Morris,
The Word Detective, April 15, 2006.
surrender (verb), surrenders; surrendered; surrendering
1. To relinquish possession or control of to another because of demand or compulsion: Irvin hates to surrender his favorite book back to the library, but he doesn’t want to pay the overdue fine.
2. To give up or to give back something that has been granted: As part of the court settlement, the farmer agreed to surrender part of his contractual right to the deciduous trees on his land.
3. In law, to restore an estate, for example; especially, to give up a lease before the expiration of the term: The renter agreed to surrender her two year lease of the apartment so she would be able to purchase a new home somewhere else.
4. Etymology: from 1441, "to give something up", from Old French surrendre, "to give up, to deliver over"; from sur-, "over" + rendre, "to give back".
surrenderee (s) (noun), surrenderees (pl)
Someone who receives the relinquishment of property, power, etc. from another person: "The sergeant served as the surenderee when the renegade captain agreed to surrender his arms."
surrenderer (s) (noun) (usually only singular)
A person who yields or gives up and stops fighting or resisting: The surrenderer ordered all of his followers to lay down their arms and pledge allegiance to the king.
surrenderor (s) (noun), surrenderors (pl)
Someone who gives up an estate or lease: Roy was a surrenderor of property into the hands of a higher authority in his city.
unsurrendered (adjective) (not comparative)
Not given up to or delivered: When the time came for delivery, the unsurrendered prize was not sent to the winner.