blepharo-, blephar- +

(Greek: eyelid; of or pertaining to the eyelid[s] or eyelash[es])

A congenital reduction or absence of eyelids (partial or complete).
A developmental anomaly in which the skin is continuous over the eyeball without any indication of the formation of eyelids.
A congenital reduction of the eyelids (partial or complete).
A congenital defect marked by a partial or total absence of the eyelids.
A fusion of the margins of the eyelids, resulting in partial or complete closure of the interpalpebral or between the eyelid openings.
The fusion of the eyelids to each other along the lid margins.

This is normal in the newborn of some species, lasting about ten days in puppies and kittens. Delayed separation may occur.

blepharadenitis, blepharoadenitis
Inflammation of the meibomian glands or of the ciliary or sebaceous glands of the eyelid.

Meibomian glands are sebaceous follicles between the cartilage and conjunctiva of eyelids.

A reference to eyelids.
Excision of all or part of an eyelid.
Edema (abnormally large amounts of fluid) of the eyelids, that produces swelling and often a baggy appearance.
blepharelosis (s), blephareloses (pl)
The turning in of the edges of the eyelid (usually the lower eyelid) so that the lashes rub against the eye surface.

Also known as entropion, it can be a congenital condition. In babies, it rarely causes problems because the lashes are very soft and do not easily damage the cornea. In older people, the condition is usually caused by a spasm and weakening of the muscles surrounding the lower part of the eye, causing the lid to turn inward.

Although rare in North America and Europe, trachoma infection (eye infection caused by bacteria) can cause scarring of the inner side of the lid, which may cause entropion.

Trachoma scarring is one of the three leading causes of blindness in the world. Risk factors for entropion are aging, chemical burn, or prior infection with trachoma.

Spasm of the eyelids causing rapid repetitive involuntary winking.
blepharitis (s), plepharitides (pl)
Inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts: "Blepharitis can exist in two forms, anterior and posterior."

"Anterior blepharitis affects the outside front of the eyelid, where the eyelashes are attached. The two most common causes of anterior blepharitis are bacteria (Staphylococcus) and scalp dandruff."

"Posterior blepharitis affects the inner eyelid (the moist part that makes contact with the eye) and is caused by problems with the oil (meibomian) glands in this part of the eyelid."

"Two skin disorders can cause this form of blepharitis: rosacea and seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp (scalp dandruff)."

—Compiled from information located in
Webster's New World Medical Dictionary, Third Edition; Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2008; page 49.
blepharitis angularis
Inflammation of the lid margins at the angles of the commissure (joints or seams).
blepharitis ciliaris, marginal blepharitis, blepharitis marginalis
Inflammation of the margins of the eyelids.

Related references to "eye" or "eye part" word families: core-; corneo-; eye, eyes; irido-; lenti-, lens-; lenticulo-; ocelli-; oculo-; op-, -optic; ophthalmo-; phaco-; pupillo-; retino-; uveo-.