(Greek: to immerse or to dip into water)
2. A situation where there is no baptism: The frontier area was often without a pastor and so abaptism usually existed for quite awhile.
The churches of western Christendom that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation resulting in some Protestant movements in the 16th century that believed that the Bible was the most important guidance for Christians and so some of them were practitioners of Anabaptism because they were convinced that only those who were old enough to make decisions to become baptized believers, and not infants, were the true believers.
"Denying the validity of infant baptism, Anabaptists accepted adult baptism, which was regarded as a second baptism by those outside the group who identified them as Anabaptists (from the Greek for rebaptizers)."
"Anabaptists sought to restore the institutions and spirit of the primitive church."
"Baptism is not just to cleanse the body, but as an outward sign of an inward spiritual cleansing and commitment. Baptism is a sign of repentance, as practiced by John the Baptist, and of faith in Jesus Christ, as practiced by Jesus’ disciples."2. A ceremonial immersion in water, or application of water, as an initiatory rite or sacrament of the Christian church: "Baptism is not just to cleanse the body, but as an outward sign of an inward spiritual cleansing and commitment. Baptism is a sign of repentance, as practiced by John the Baptist, and of faith in Jesus Christ, as practiced by Jesus’ disciples.
3. A trying or purifying experience or initiation: "Zelda went through a baptism on her first day of work."
2. A member of any of various Christian groups that affirm the necessity of baptism; usually of adults or older children, and by immersion, following a personal profession of Christ as their Savior.
3. A member of an evangelical church following the reformed tradition in worship, and believing in individual freedom, in the separation of church and state, and in baptism of voluntary, conscious believers.
During the 17th century two groups of Baptists emerged in England: General Baptists, who held that Christ's atonement applied to all people, and Particular Baptists, who believed it was only for the elect.
Baptist origins in the American colonies can be traced to Roger Williams, who established a Baptist church in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1639.
Baptist growth in the United States came about by the Great Awakening in the mid-18th century with a series of religious revivals that swept over the American colonies. The 1814 General Convention showed divisions among U.S. Baptists over slavery; a formal split occurred when the Southern Baptist Convention was organized in 1845 and was confirmed when the Northern (American) Baptist Convention was organized in 1907.
African-American Baptist churches provided leadership in the 1960's civil rights movement, notably through the work of Martin Luther King. Baptist belief emphasizes the authority of local congregations in matters of faith and practice; worship is characterized by extemporaneous prayer and hymn-singing as well as by the exposition of the scriptures in sermons.
In the earliest examples, it was merely a basin or pool set into the floor; later, the Christian Church set aside a separate structure for the ceremony.
2. A tank or pool in a Baptist church used for baptisms by total immersion.
"The meaning, or process, of baptizing is not the same for all Christian groups. For some denominations, the sacrament of baptism is performed by immersing the whole body in water, and this is done with adults."2. To give a personal name to someone during the Christian ceremony of baptism as some religious groups do when a baby is sprinkled with water: "More generally among many church denominations, a baby is baptized during the ceremony by sprinkling with water on the face, whether an infant or an adult, and often with an infant, he or she is given a first or Christian name; in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, which is called Christening."
4. Etymology: from Old French batisier (11th century), from Latin baptizare, which came from Greek baptizein, "to immerse, to dip in water"; also used figuratively; such as, "to be over one's head" (in debt, etc.), "to be soaked (in wine)"; in Greek Christian usage, "baptize"; from baptein, "to dip, to steep, to dye, to color". For sense development, baptism originally consisted of "full immersion".