adeno-, aden-, adeni-
(Greek: gland or glands, glandular [from “acorn”])
adenalgia (s) (noun) (no pl)
A glandular pain; a painful swelling in a gland; adenodynia: The rarely use term adenalgia refers to a glandular irritation and tenderness, including a swelling of a lymph node.
adendric (adjective) (not comparable)
Referring to the lack of dendrites or branched extensions of nerve-cell neurons that receive electrical signals from other neurons and conducts those signals to the cell body: Adendric, or adendritic processes of neurons, can be found in certain cells in a spinal ganglia.
adenectomy (s) (noun), adenectomies (pl)
The surgical excision or removal of all or part of a gland: adenoidectomy: Because of her severe health issue, Dr. Martin said that an adenectomy of the affected gland should be performed as soon as possible.
adenectopia (s) (noun) (no pl)
Malposition or displacement of a gland: During the checkup, Jill's child was diagnosed with a condition of adenectopia, or the presence of a gland in a different anatomic place other than where it would normally be found.
adenia (s) (noun), adenias (pl)
A great chronic enlargement of the lymphatic glands; lymphadenia: An example of adenia can be found in Hodgkin's disease, distinguished by big tumor cells in the lymph nodes.
adenic (adjective), more adenic, most adenic
Pertaining to or resembling a gland; glandular: Dr. Simpson was especially interested in examining the adenic areas of Tim's body.
adeniform (adjective), more adeniform, most adeniform
Glandlike; of glandular appearance; adenoid: The adenoids have an adeniform shape and exist on the back wall of the nose above the tonsils in children, and dwindle in size during adolescence.
adenine (s) (noun), adenines (pl)
A white crystalline base found in various animal and vegetable tissues as one of the purine base constituents: Adenine is responsible for the hereditary information given in the genetic code in DNA and RNA.
adenitis (s) (noun), adenitises; adenitides (pl)
Inflammation of a lymph node or of a gland: Janet's throat was feeling very sore and hurt, and the doctor diagnosed her as having adenitis, including a swelling of the glands.
adenization (s) (noun) (no pl)
Conversion into a glandlike structure: The old-fashioned word adenization refers to the growth of secretory cells or glands in a tissue which lacked these earlier.
adenoacanthoma (s) (noun), adenoacanthomas; adenoacanthomata (pl)
A malignancy of cells of squamous nature: adenocancroid: Adenoacanthoma is a type of cancer with scaly cells occurring in the endothelium of the large intestine, the mouth, or in the uterus.
adenoameloblastoma (s) (noun), adenoameloblastomas (pl)
An odontogenic tumor: An adenoameloblastoma is a benign tumor, normally found in the maxilla of a young person, comprised of ducts having columnar or cuboidal cells bordering them.
adenoangiosarcoma (s) (noun) (no pl)
An angiosarcoma involving gland structures: The obsolete term adenoangiosarcoma refers to a malignant t tumor that grows quite fast in the blood vessels and concerns the glands as well.
adenoblast (s) (noun), adenoblasts (pl)
A proliferating embryonic cell with the potential to develop and form glandular parenchyma: An adenoblast can be any tissue that produces glandular or secretory activity.
adenocarcinoma (s) (noun), adenocarcinomas; adenocarcinomata (pl)
A malignant neoplasm of epithelial cells in glandular or glandlike pattern: An adenocarcinoma, an invasive malignant tumor, originates in glandular tissue.