(Greek: a suffix; scientific names; names of metallic elements; a part, lining, or enveloping tissue, region; little; representing a diminutive force)
A suffix found on nouns borrowed from Latin; especially, derivatives of verbs (odium; tedium; colloquium; delirium); deverbal compounds with the initial element denoting the object of the verb (nasturtium); other types of compounds (equilibrium; millennium); and derivatives of personal nouns, often denoting the associated status or office (collegium; consortium; magisterium).
This ending of -ium also occurs in scientific terms on a Latin model; such as, in names of metallic elements (barium; titanium) and as a Latinization of Greek -ion (pericardium).
In Roman times, this word had two meanings. It referred to a seaport whose commercial life primarily consisted of maritime trade or it could denote a large building on the waterfront of a port where importers and exporters (businessmen) had their "offices".
It's current meaning is "a store, usually a large store, that offers a wide selection of goods; or a marketplace or center of trade".
2. The ability to maintain a mental state of calmness and composure.
3. A situation in which opposing forces or factors balance each other and stability is attained.
4. In a physical sense: The condition of equal balance between opposing forces; that state of a material system in which the forces acting upon the system, or those that are taken into consideration, are so arranged that their resultant at every point is zero.
5. The state of equal balance between powers of any kind; equality of importance or effect among the various parts of any complex unity.
6. The condition of suspense or uncertainty produced by equality with the forces of opposing influences; neutrality of judgment or volition.
7. Etymology: from Latin æquilibrium, from æquus, "equal" + libra, "a balance, scale".
2. In Europe, primarily in Germany and some other European countries, a secondary school where the students are prepared for advanced education in universities: Almost all of the towns and cities in Germany have a gymnasium, where the students can receive an "Abitur" after successfully completing eight or nine years of education.
The ancient Greeks placed a high value on both physical and mental fitness. Each important city in Greece had a public area set aside in which young men would gather to exercise, compete in sports, and receive training in philosophy, music, and literature.
Living in a warm climate and not wanting to be encumbered in their activities by unnecessary clothing, the Greeks would typically do their exercising without wearing any apparel.3. Etymology: the term given for the exercise area was gymnasion,; literally, "school for unclothed exercise"; from the Greek verb gymnazein, "to exercise with no clothing"; which is a derivative of the adjective gymnos, "unclothed".
The Greek gymnasion, became the Latin gymnasium, which was used in two distinct senses to mean both "an exercise ground" and "a public school".
2. A very hard and brittle, exceptionally corrosion-resistant, whitish-yellow metallic element occurring in platinum ores and used principally to harden platinum and in high-temperature materials, electrical contacts, and wear-resistant bearings.
3. Etymology: from 1804, Modern Latin, coined by its discoverer, English chemist Smithson Tennant (1761-1815) from Greek iris, "rainbow"; so called for the varying color of its compounds.
More information is located at Chemical Element: iridium.
Some people are convinced that there are not enough nosocomia available to take care of all of the men, women, and children with ailments that need medical treatment.