psych-, psycho-, -psyche, -psychic, -psychical, -psychically
(Greek: mind, spirit, consciousness; mental processes; the human soul; breath of life; literally, "that which breathes" or "breathing")
A prefix that is normally used with elements of Greek origin, psych- affects the meanings of hundreds of words.
Etymologically, this element includes such meanings as, breath, to breathe, life, soul, spirit, mind, consciousness.
2. An impulsive single act without an apparent motive.
2. The specialty dealing with both organic and psychic disorders of the nervous system; this is an earlier term for psychiatry.
Behavioral neurology and neuropsychiatry are disciplines within the clinical neurosciences that focus on the clinical and pathological aspects of neural processes associated with cognition, emotion, and behavior.
Advances in structural and functional brain imaging, clinical electrophysiology, and experimental psychology over the last decades produced a significant growth in the clinical neurosciences, and changed fundamentally the manner in which normal and disturbed cognition, emotion, and behavior are understood clinically.
2. A specialty of psychology concerned with the study of the relationships between the brain and behavior, including the use of psychological tests and assessment techniques to diagnose specific cognitive and behavioral deficits and to prescribe rehabilitation strategies for their remediation.
2. The study of the effect of drugs and medicines on psychological processes.
An interdisciplinary science related to psychopharmacology (how drugs affect the mind) and fundamental neuroscience. It entails research of mechanisms of neuropathology, pharmacodynamics (drug action), psychiatric illness, and states of consciousness. These studies are instigated at the detailed level involving neurotransmission or neuroreceptor activity, bio-chemical processes, and neural circuitry.
2. A reference to two separate psychic factors:
- The noopsyche, comprising all purely intellectual processes.
- The thymopsyche, made up of affective processes.
2. A cross-disciplinary science combining child psychiatry, pediatrics, developmental psychology, and family care devoted to the discovery, prevention, and treatment of mental and psychological disorders in children and adolescents.