path-, patho-, -path-, -pathia, -pathic, -pathology, -pathetic, -pathize, -pathy

(Greek: feeling, sensation, perception; suffering, disease, or disorder; a system of treating diseases)

In medicine, some of these elements usually mean "someone who suffers from a disease of, or one who treats a disease"; so, they should not be confused with the words that mean "feeling" which are also shown on these pages even though both meanings come from the same Greek element.

spondyloarthropathy (s) (noun), spondyloarthropathies (pl)
Joint and spine diseases, normally effecting the lower limbs or legs and often accompanied by pain and a limited range of movements in the related limbs: Esther found it difficult to sit comfortably because of the spondyloarthropathy in her legs and spine which were stiff and hurting.
Any disease of the vertebrae or spinal column.
steatopathy (s) (noun), steatopathies (pl)
Any disease of the sebaceous glands: Nancy observed a visible change on her skin and Dr. Martin said that she had a condition of steatopathy which should be treated right away.
Persistent stereotyped thinking (maintenance of one attitude for a long time; constant repetition of certain meaningless gestures or movements, as in certain forms of schizophrenia).
Any disease of the oral cavity or mouth.
Diseases connected with military service.
1. Pertaining to, caused by, exhibiting, showing, having, or resulting from shared feelings, pity, or compassion.
2. Agreeably suited to one's disposition, tastes, or mood; congenial; such as, living in sympathetic surroundings.
3. Showing or motivated by sympathy, understanding, and generosity.
sympathetoblast, sympathicoblast, sympathoblast
1. A primitive cell derived from the neuroglia of the neural crest that develops into a cell of the adrenal medulla.

Neuroglia is the delicate network of branched cells and fibers that supports the tissue of the central nervous system.

2. The precursor of a sympathetic neuron, believed to be derived from the neural crest from where it migrates into the sympathetic ganglia (mass of nerve tissue existing outside the central nervous system which is the system of nerves and nerve centers in an animal or human, including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves).

Homologous (similar in position, structure, function, or characteristics) though larger cells differentiate to form chromaffin cells (cells that stain readily with chromium salt) of organs like the adrenal medulla (inner portion of the adrenal gland).

The adrenal gland refers to either of two small, triangular, endocrine glands found above the kidneys. This gland is actually two fused organs, with one forming the inner core or medulla and the other forming an outer shell, or cortex. The cortex and medulla each secrete distinct kinds of hormones that regulate important bodily functions.

3. An embryonic cell that develops into a sympathetic nerve cell.
Any disease due to a disorder of the sympathetic or autonomic nervous system.
1. Someone who is susceptible to hypnotic influences or suggestibilities.
2. The alleged transfer of feelings by one person to another person.
3. A reference to anyone who sympathizes with another person; a sympathizer.
sympathoadrenal (adjective) (not comparable)
Relating to the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system and the medulla of the adrenal gland, as the postganglionic neurons: A decreased sympathoadrenal response can cause unawareness due to the reduced level of blood glucose, or hypoglycaemia.
sympathoblastoma, sympathicoblastoma
A neuroblastoma (sarcoma or tumor of the nervous system) arising in one of the ganglia (small, usually hard bumps above a tendon or in the capsules that enclose joints) of the sympathetic nervous system
A single cell of the kind referred to collectively as sympathogonia or primitive cells of the sympathetic nervous system.
sympathogonia (pl)
Primitive cells of the sympathetic nervous system derived from neuroblasts of the neural crest.

They have dense nuclei, rich in chromatin, and only a thin rim of cytoplasm, and differentiate to form along one line ganglion cells and along another line chromaffin cells.

Quiz You can find self-scoring quizzes over many of the words in this subject area by going to this Vocabulary Quizzes page.