philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism
(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)
These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.
In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.
Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".
In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.
A “heath” is an area of land that is not farmed, where grass and other small plants grow, but where there are few trees or bushes.
2. One who is opposed to any animal experimentation; also known as an antivivisectionist.
2. A strong fondness or affinity for animals and a devotion to protecting or rescuing them from human activities, e.g., vivisection, that exploit or endanger them.
2. In microbiology, a description of a pathogenic organism that prefers animal hosts instead of human beings.
2. An opposition to any animal experimentation; opposed to cruelty to animals; specifically, antivivisectionism.
3. In biology, pollination by animals; applied to plants whose seeds are disseminated by the agency of animals. orphidicism, etc.