philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

xerophilous (adjective)
A reference to plants and animals that thrive in or are adapted to dry habitats, low water situations, and even have a preference for such conditions.
xerophily
Flourishing in or adapted to a dry hot environment.
xeropoophile, xeropo-ophile
Plants that thrive in heaths or tracts of uncultivated, open land with infertile, often sandy soil covered with rough grasses.
xeropoophilous, xeropo-ophilous
Thriving in heathland.
xeropoophily, xeropo-ophily
In biology, dwelling and thriving in heathlands.

A “heath” is an area of land that is not farmed, where grass and other small plants grow, but where there are few trees or bushes.

xylophile
Insects or fungi that live, thrive, or grow in or on wood.
xylophilous
In biology, thriving on or in wood with the sense of a parasite fungus or wood-boring organism.
xylophily
Living, thriving, or growing in or on wood, as an insect or a fungus.
yappophilist
A collector of limp-leather books.
zoidiophilous
Pollinated by animals.
zoophile
1. A lover of animals; especially one that is more fond of animals than of humans.
2. One who is opposed to any animal experimentation; also known as an antivivisectionist.
zoophilia
1. In biology, a plant that is pollinated by animals other than insects.
2. A strong fondness or affinity for animals and a devotion to protecting or rescuing them from human activities, e.g., vivisection, that exploit or endanger them.
zoophilic (adjective), more zoophilic, most zoophilic
1. Preferring other animals to human beings such as certain mosquitoes and dermatophytes (for example, fungi parasites).
2. In microbiology, a description of a pathogenic organism that prefers animal hosts instead of human beings.
zoophilist
zoophily (s) (noun), zoophilies (pl)
1. Having a special fondness for animals; especially having more love for animals than for people.
2. An opposition to any animal experimentation; opposed to cruelty to animals; specifically, antivivisectionism.
3. In biology, pollination by animals; applied to plants whose seeds are disseminated by the agency of animals. orphidicism, etc.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.