philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism
These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.
In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.
Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".
In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.
A collector of barbed wire.
A collector of souvenir China.
An enthusiast for the gramophone and gramophone records.
A collector of religious tracts.
gymnophily (s) (noun)
, gymnophilies (pl)
A special fondness for not wearing raiment or apparel: Because of her gymnophily, the young woman was looking for a group of people with similar desires, so she joined a nudist colony.
A love for and attraction to women.
Someone who is fond of nibbling on a woman's ear.
A plant living in gypsiferous (chalky) soil.
halophile (s) (noun)
, halophiles (pl)
A microorganism requiring a high concentration of salt for optimal growth: Halophiles are extremophiles named after the Greek term "salt-loving" and are classified into the sector of Archaea.
A reference to or characterized by an affinity for salt: Some of the species of halophilic microorganisms can be found in the Great Salt Lake in Utah, USA that has a salt concentration of more than 5 times than that of an ocean.
, more halophilous, most halophilous
Referring to organisms that exist in saline habitats; halophilic: Hlophilous plants and animals cannot thrive, or have an extreme difficulty to survive, in the harsh environment of the Dead Sea, which had a salinity of 34% in 2011.
halophily (s) (noun) (no pl)
An organism that grows in or can tolerate saline conditions: The development of a halophile is enhanced by or dependent on a high concentration of salt.
heliophile (s) (noun)
, heliophiles (pl)
Any living creature or vegetation that is well-adapted to or thriving in full sunlight conditions.
You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1
Related "love, fondness" units: