grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

urography
Radiography of any part (kidneys, ureters, or bladder) of the urinary tract.
uterography
Radiographic visualization of the uterine cavity by means of a contrast medium that is injected through the cervical canal.
utopographer
Someone who has been writing and reading about utopias.
utopography
Writings about fictional utopianistic situations.
vaginography
The radiography (x-ray) of the vagina using a contrast agent.
varicography
1. Radiography of varicose veins after the injection of a contrast medium.
2. Radiographic visualization of the course and extent of a collection of varicose veins.
vasography
The radiographic visualization of blood vessels following the introduction of contrast material; used as a diagnostic aid in such conditions as stroke syndrome and myocardial infarction (an area of tissue that undergoes necrosis as a result of obstruction of local blood supply; dead tissue).
vectorcardiography (s) (noun), vectorcardiographies (pl)
1. A process in which the direction and magnitude of the electrical forces of the heart are determined: The eminent cardiologist, Dr. Diedrich, pioneered the use of vectorcardiography for patients with heart diseases.
2. A method of charting the electro activity of the heart: Mrs. Carson, the medical technician, arranged to have a vectorcardiography of Sally's heart beat and e-mailed the results to her cardiologist.
vectorgraph (s) (noun), vectorgraphs (pl)
An instrument used to record the mechanical movements of the heart: The technician in the cardiology department, Mr. Mason, developed a new vectorgraph to use with very young heart patients.
vegetational plant geography (s) (noun) (usually no plural)
A field of study which maps the growing regions of seedling organisms and analyzes them in terms of ecology, environmental, or ecological conditions: Mr. Younge, the professor of geography, was telling Kevin and the rest of his students about vegetational plant geography and how it differs in various areas of the world.
venography
1. The roentgenographic (x-ray) examination of veins.
2. A special x-ray of the veins that is performed by first injecting a radiopaque contrast that shows up on x-ray in the vein in question and then taking a conventional x-ray.

Used to demonstrate a blockage of a vein. Commonly used in the lower extremities to diagnose deep venous thrombosis.

ventriculography
1. Radiography used to visualize the size and shape of the cerebral ventricles.
2. Visualization of ventricles of the heart by radiograph after injection of a contrast material.
verbal agraphia
Agraphia (a mental inability to write properly) in which single letters can be written, but not words.
vermography
Roentgenography (x-ray) of the appendix; especially, when its lumen (cavity within a tubular structure) contains a contrast medium; such as, air or barium.
vesiculography
Radiography of the seminal vesicles after the injection of a contrast medium. This procedure has been replaced by ultrasound imaging.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.