grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

technography
1. A system that enables a specialized field to perform its function; such as, phonetic transcription, chemical notation, cartography, or computer coding.
2. The written description of the arts, forming the preliminary stage of technology.
Telautograph, Tel Autograph (s) (noun); Telautographs, Tel Autographs (pl)
A facsimile telegraph for reproducing writing, pictures, maps, etc.

In the transmitter the motions of the pencil are communicated by levers to two rotary shafts, by which variations in current are produced in two separate circuits.

In the receiver these variations are utilized by electromagnetic devices and levers to move a pen as the pencil moves.

telautography, telautograph, telautographic
The transmission of writing or drawing such that the movements of the receiving pen copy those of the transmitting pen or pencil, yielding a facsimile reproduction at the receiving end. Also: telechirography.
telebarograph (s) (noun), telebarographs (pl)
A barograph or an instrument used to make a continuous recording of atmospheric pressure which is recorded at a distance by means of electricity.
telecardiography (s) (noun), telecardiographies (pl)
The recording of an electrocardiogram by transmission of impulses to a site at a distance from a patient.
telecheirograph, telechirograph (s) (noun); telecheirographs, telechirographs (pl)
A telautograph or a telegraphic apparatus by which writing or drawing is done with a pen or pencil at the transmitting end and which is reproduced in facsimile at the receiving end, by means of an electric current conveyed along a wire, and (in the usual forms of the instrument) communicating movements to the receiving pen corresponding to those made with the transmitting pen or pencil.
telecryptograph (s) (noun), telecryptographs (pl)
A form of printing telegraph messages that is adopted so it prints secret or private communications.
telectrocardiograph (s) (noun), telectrocardiographs (pl)
A cardiogram which is transmitted electronically to a recording device at a distance from the patient.
telegraph
1. An apparatus for transmitting messages to a distance, usually by signs of some kind.

Devices for this purpose have been in use from ancient times, but the name was first applied to that system invented by Chappe in France in 1792, consisting of an upright post with movable arms, the signals being made by various positions of the arms according to a pre-arranged code.

Applied to various other devices subsequently used, operating by movable disks, shutters, etc., flashes of light, movements in a column of liquid, sounds of bells, horns, etc., or other means. Now rare in this sense, such contrivances being usually called semaphores or signalling apparatus.

2. In full, electric (or magnetic) telegraph: An apparatus consisting of a transmitting instrument (transmitter), a receiving instrument (receiver), and a line or wire of any length connecting these, along which an electric current from a battery or other source passes, the circuit being made and broken by working the transmitter, so as to produce movements, as of a needle or pointer, in the receiver, which indicate letters, etc., either according to a code of signs, or by pointing to characters upon a dial.

In some forms the receiver works so as to print or trace the message upon a prepared strip of paper.

telegraph(ic) code
A system of symbols used for transmitting telegraph messages; such as, the Morse code; where each character is represented by a group of long and short electrical pulses or pulses of opposing polarities, or by time gaps of equal length in which a signal is either present or absent.
telegrapher
1. Someone who telegraphs a message or news.
2. The sender of a telegram.
telegraphic
1. Relating to or transmitted by telegraph.
2. Having the style of a telegram with many short words left out.
3. Concise or elliptical in spoken or written expressions.
telegraphically
In a short and concise manner.
telegraphist
Someone who transmits messages or signals to a distant receiver.
telegraphy
1. The art or science of constructing or using telegraphs.
2. The working of a telegraph or telegraphs.
3. Communication over a distance by means of code signals which are composed of electrical or electromagnetic pulses and that are sent over wires or by radio.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.