grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

aerographics
The branch of meteorology that studies and describes atmospheric conditions.
aerography
1. A written report about atmospheric conditions.
2. The systematic description of air quality.
aeroplethysmograph (s) (noun), aeroplethysmographs (pl)
A recording of changes in a body volume which includes the measurements of respiratory capacities.
agitographia (s) (noun), agitographias (pl)
1. A condition in which someone writes too fast which results in leaving out words or parts of words.
2. A writing with excessive speed and with unconscious omissions of words and syllables or other elements.
agitography (s) (noun), agitographies (pl)
Hasty writing with an unconscious deletion of words, syllables, or letters.
agrapha (s) (noun), agraphas (pl)
Sayings attributed to Jesus Christ but which are not recorded in the Bible but found in other early Christian writings; literally, "no writing": The Biblical scholar studied not only the texts of the Bible but the agraphas which were located in other sources.
agraphesthesia (s) (noun), agraphesthesias (pl)
The inability to recognize letters or numbers drawn by examiners on the skin of the subjects who are being tested: In agraphesthesias, the patients' eyes are often closed when these procedures are performed on the skin areas that are normally visible to them so they can't see what the examiners are doing.

When a person with agraphesthesia can't feel "writing" on the skin, it is believed that it is usually caused by a central nervous system lesion. This problem is typically tested by an examiner who uses an instrument [not an ink pen nor a pencil] that forms a number in the palm of one of the hands, which the patient can't see, and then asking that person to tell what the number is.

When blindfolded, Robin experienced total agraphesthesia, and could not recognize any of the simple designs the doctor drew on the palm of his hand.

agraphia (s) (noun), agraphias (pl)
1. Loss of the ability to write, resulting from neurological damage such as a brain lesion: After Mable's severe head injury, she experienced agraphia and so she was incapable of communicating with a pen or a pencil.
2. Being incapable of writing properly which can be a result of aphasia and alexia that is caused by lesions in various portions of the cerebrum; especially, those in or near the angular gyrus of the brain or that part of the brain that is involved in the processing of auditory and visual input and in the comprehension of language: After many medical examinations, the doctors determined that the agraphia experienced by Bryant was neurologically different from that which might have resulted from an injured arm.
agraphic (adjective), more agraphic, most agraphic
Characteristic of a loss of the power, or the inability, to communicate ideas in writing: Ann's agraphic disorder involved her inability to use or to understand her written language because of a brain lesion.
agraphognosia (s) (noun), agraphognosias (pl)
The inability to identify numbers or letters traced on the palm (or other parts of the body surface): Helen Keller did not experience agraphognosia so she was able to learn to write when her teacher traced numbers and letters on her palm.

Helen Keller (1880-1968) was a United States lecturer and writer who was blind and deaf from the age of 19 months as a result of a severe fever. Anne Sullivan taught her to read, to write, and to speak and since she was not hampered by agraphognosia, Helen even graduated from college with honors and went on to become an activist and lecturer in support of blind and deaf people.

agrostographer
Someone who writes about grasses.
agrostographic
A reference to a written description of grasses.
agrostography
Description of grasses.
algraphy
The art or process of printing from aluminium plates.
allograph
1. Something, especially a signature, written by one person on another’s behalf.
2. A letter or combination of letters that is one of a set that can be used to represent the same speech sound (phoneme); such as, “s”, “ss”, and “c” in English.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.