sal-, sali-

(Latin: salt)

Don't confuse this sal-, sali-; "salt" unit with another sali-, salt- unit which refers to "jumping" and "leaping".

salt dome
A dome or anticlinal fold (inclining downward on both sides from a median line or axis, as a fold of rock strata) originating from a thick bed of salt up to five miles deep below the earth's surface.

The domes push their way up through more brittle overlying rocks, are roughly circular, and average up to one to two miles in diameter. The tops of these domes can be commercially mined for salt.

salt gradient pond, salt pond, salt gradient solar pond
A solar pond that consists of three main layers; the top one is near ambient temperature and has low salt content, while the bottom one is very hot and salty and is lined with a dark-colored material.

The middle (gradient) zone acts as a transparent insulator, permitting sunlight to be trapped in the bottom layer (from which useful heat is withdrawn).

This middle layer, which increases in brine density with depth, counteracts the tendency of the warmer water below to rise to the surface and lose heat in the air.

salt slag
A waste deposit of salts resulting from an industrial process; for example, aluminum manufacturing, that constitutes a hazardous waste.
salt well
A bored or driven well from which brine is obtained;.

Such wells were an early source of oil in the United States oil industry.

saltpeter, saltpetre (s) (noun); saltpeters, saltpetres (pl)
1. Potassium nitrate; used especially as a component of gunpowder or as a food preservative: The term satlpeter derives from the concept that it appears as a salt-like encrustation on rocks.
2. Etymology: Saltpeter is a borrowing of Old Middle English salpetre [about A.D. 1300]; a borrowing of Old French, salpetre, a learned borrowing from Medieval Latin; also borrowed directly from Medieval Latin sal petrae, "salt of rock"; from Latin sal, "salt" + petrae, genitive form of Latin petra, "rock".
A thick liquid that is served with food to add extra flavor.

It comes from Latin, sal,, "salt", referring to a "brine dressing" or "pickle". This meaning later evolved into Italian and Spanish salsa, and French sauce, from which English gets sauce.

This word originally meant "sauceboat", and was borrowed from Old French saussier, which was a derivative of sauce.

The modern application to a "dish for a cup" did not evolve until the 18th century.

1. With impertinent boldness; impudently.
2. A reference to an impudent (lacking respect and showing excessive boldness) or impertinent (rude and lacking respect) manner.
1. Inappropriate playfulness and showing contempt for one's superiors.
2. Amusingly forward and flippant.
saucy, saucier, sauciest
1. Impertinent or disrespectful.
b. Impertinent in an entertaining way; impossible to repress or control.
3. Etymology: "resembling sauce", later "impertinent, cheeky" (1530),; from sauce.

The connecting notion is the figurative sense of "piquancy in words or actions." From Old French sauce, sausse, from the noun use of Latin salsa, salsus, "salted"; from Old Latin sallere. "to salt" which came from sal, salis, "salt".

Sauce malapert, "impertinence" (1529), and the slang phrase to have eaten sauce or to "be abusive" (1526).

A seasoned pork or other meat chopped fine and stuffed into a tube of animal intestine or another tube-shaped skin.

Originally, it referred to any dish made by “salting”.

A fine-grained sediment, especially of mud or clay particles at the bottom of a river or lake.

It apparently came from a reference to the mud in salt flats by river estuaries and it seems to be etymologically related to “salt”. It was probably borrowed from a Scandinavian word because Danish and Norwegian both have the related sylt, “salt marsh”.

soused, souse, sousing
1. To steep something in vinegar or brine in order to preserve it.
2. Pickled food; especially, pork trimmings.
3. Etymology: to soak something in "salt"; "to pickle or steep in vinegar"; from Old French sous, "preserved in salt and vinegar"; related to Old Saxon sultia, "salt water".

Another related "salt" unit can be seen at this hal- link.