meteoro-, meteor- +

(Greek: upraised, high up; in the air; anything raised from the ground, high, lofty; hovering in the air; hence, "heavenly body, atmospheric phenomenon")

agrometeorology (s) (noun)
A branch of applied meteorology that deals with weather and climate and their influences on agriculture.
astrometeorology
1. The study of the behavior of planets in the solar system and this relationship to the weather.
2. The investigation of the (alleged) influence upon the weather, climate, etc. of planetary and stellar phenomena; such as, sun-spots, phases of the moon, comets, meteors, and planetary conjunctions.

This was a branch of an older natural astrology; and the term is often applied to a pretended prognostication of the weather, which is no better than modern "astrology".

biometeorology
1. Study of the effects of atmospheric conditions (weather) on living organisms.
2. That branch of ecology that deals with the effects on living organisms of the extra-organic aspects of the physical environment; such as, temperature, humidity, barometric pressure, rate of air flow, and air ionization.

It involves not only natural atmosphere but also artificially created atmospheres; such as, those to be found in buildings and shelters, and in closed ecological systems; for example, satellites and submarines.

hydrometeor
An atmospheric phenomenon that depends on the vapor of water, as rain, hail, and snow; hence hydrometeorological, pertaining to hydrometeorology, that part of meteorology which is associated with atmospheric phenomena determined by the vapor of water.
meteor
1. Any atmospheric phenomenon, now chiefly confined to technical use. Atmospheric phenomena were formerly often classed as aerial or airy meteors (winds), aqueous or watery meteors (rain, snow, hail, dew, etc.), luminous meteors (the aurora, rainbow, halo, etc.), and igneous or fiery meteors (lightning, shooting stars, etc.).
2. A luminous body seen temporarily in the sky, and supposed to belong to a lower region than that of the heavenly bodies; a fireball or shooting star (in the 17th century, also a comet).
3. The brief, bright streak of light that results when a piece of silicate or metallic rock enters the atmosphere at high speed from space and burns up.
4. Applied to other luminous appearances, as the aurora borealis, the ignis fatuus, etc.
5. Blazing or flashing like a meteor; of short duration, passing rapidly (meteoric), transient.
meteoresistant (adjective); more meteoresistant, most meteoresistant
Regarding something which is comparatively insensitive to weather conditions: Jack bought a pair of shoes that seemed to be quite meteoresistant to all kinds of climates and temperatures, and he wore them for years!
meteorette
A small meteor.
meteoric
1. Of or pertaining to the atmosphere or its phenomena; meteorological, atmospherical.
2. In botany, dependent upon atmospheric conditions.
3. Of, pertaining to, or derived from meteors; consisting of meteors.
4. A figure of speech: transiently or irregularly brilliant, flashing or dazzling like a meteor; also rapid, swift.
meteorism
Distention of the abdomen or intestines due to the presence of gas; tympanites.
meteorist
One versed in the study of meteors.
meteorite
A fallen meteor; a mass of stone or iron, that has fallen from the sky upon the earth; a meteoric stone. Also (loosely), a meteor or meteoroid.

A meteorite is a natural object of extraterrestrial origin that survives passage through the earth’s atmosphere and hits the earth’s surface.


A meteorite is often confused with a meteoroid or a meteor.

  • A meteoroid is a small object in outer space, generally less than 30 feet (10 m) in diameter.
  • A meteor, sometimes called a shooting star, is the flash of light seen when an object passes through earth’s atmosphere and burns as a result of heating caused by friction.
  • A meteoroid becomes a meteor when it enters the earth’s atmosphere; if any portion of a meteoroid lands on earth, it is a meteorite.

There are three kinds of meteorites.

  1. Irons contain 85-95‰ iron; the rest of their mass is mostly nickel.
  2. Stony irons are relatively rare meteorites composed of about 50‰ iron and 50‰ silicates.
  3. Stones are made up mostly of silicates and other stony materials.
—Condensed, and slightly revised, from an article by
Patrick Moore, et al. The Atlas of the Solar System, pp. 406-407.
meteoritics
The scientific study of meteors and meteorites.
meteorize
To vaporize.
meteorogram
A record furnished by a meteorograph.
meteorograph
An apparatus for automatically recording several different kinds of meteorological phenomena at the same time.