acrido-, acrid-, acris-

(Greek: grasshopper, grasshoppers; locust, locusts; cricket, crickets)

Acridid, acridid
1. A grasshopper or locust with short antennae, a short-horned grasshopper.

Any of several grasshoppers of the family Acrididae, having short antennae and commonly migrating in swarms that strip the vegetation from large areas.
2. Any of various cicadas; such as, the seventeen-year locust.

1. Short-horned grasshoppers or true locusts.
2. Locusts and related grasshoppers.
The family of orthopterous insects which includes the true locusts and the grasshoppers with short antennae.

Acrididae is the name of a large and diverse family of insects (order Orthoptera) which consists of the locusts and true grasshoppers. There are about 7,000 species in 1,100 genera.

Grasshoppers with short antennae; related to the crickets (Gryllidae) and to the long-horned grasshoppers and katydids (Locustidae).
acridology (s) (noun)
The scientific study of grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets.

Extending her abdomen to about twice its normal length, a female locust deposits a pod of some 70 rice-size eggs four inches deep in moist sand.

Sensors at the end of her tail test moisture, salinity, temperature, and the softness of the ground to ensure that conditions are proper for laying her eggs.

To hatch, the eggs must absorb their weight in water, ideally in the first five days. During the last weeks of her four-month life, the gregarious female lays three times, usually a total of about 200 eggs.

Big-eyed hoppers hatch from the warm sands. The locusts promptly shed their natal skins, turn dark after about two hours in the sun, and within a few days they begin to move off in dense swarms.

—Compiled from "Locusts: 'Teeth of the Wind' ";
by Robert A.M. Conley; National Geographic;
August, 1969; page 216-217.
acridophage, acridophagy
1. Grasshoppers and/or locusts that eat plants, both wild and agriculturally grown.
2. Feeding on, consuming, or eating grasshoppers.
Pointing to a page about acridophagy or the eating of insects. Hunter-gathers eating grasshoppers at acridophagy.
1. The process whereby grasshoppers and locusts consume vast areas of vegetable matter.
2. The consumption or eating of grasshoppers, locusts, and/or crickets.

Storks flash white against the chocolate brown water as they bank in and out of the locusts; then come weaver birds and wagtails, picking at the remaining locusts.

The attackers gorge themselves until they can no longer fly. Some of them settle on banyan trees or fall to the ground.

There are cattle egrets, with sagging stomachs, that stagger in the dust trying to take off. Some of them manage a few limp flaps of their wings, then they topple on their sides, while the rest of the locusts continue flying on with no further molestations.

—Compiled from "Locusts: 'Teeth of the Wind' ";
by Robert A.M. Conley; National Geographic;
August, 1969; page 213.
1. The eating or consuming by grasshoppers, locusts, and/or crickets.
2. The process that involves the eating of vast amounts of plants; by grasshoppers, but especially, by hordes of locusts in certain parts of the world.

With serrated jaws rasping from side to side, adult locusts daily eat the equivalent of their weight, .04 to .09 of an ounce. Yet they are capable of living four days without feeding by surviving on stored fat.

Typical of the countless billions that impoverish African and Asian farmers, these voracious eaters feast on crops of leaves, stalks, and tons of grains.

—Compiled from "Locusts: 'Teeth of the Wind' ";
by Robert A.M. Conley; National Geographic;
August, 1969; page 206.
acridophile (s) (noun), acridophiles (pl)
A bird or animal that has a desire for grasshoppers and/or locusts for consumption.
acridophilous (adjective), more acridophilous, most acridophilous
Descriptive of a hunger for the consumption of grasshoppers and/or locusts.

Most of the locust's natural enemies; primarily, beetles, flies, and wasps are neither numerous enough on the ground nor mobile enough in the air to challenge vast swarms of locusts.

Birds regularly attack locusts, but their effect is only marginal. African kites drop from the sky and they barrel-roll through the swarm, grabbing locusts with snaps of their beaks, then they climb high to peel off again.

—Compiled from "Locusts: 'Teeth of the Wind' ";
by Robert A.M. Conley; National Geographic;
August, 1969; page 213.
acridophily (s) (noun), acridophilies (pl)
1. An appetite for grasshoppers, locusts, or crickets as a supply of food.
2. The term acrido- in the entries related to locusts or grasshoppers is derived from Acrididae, which consists of the locusts and true grasshoppers.
Example of an acridograsshopper.
Anyone who has a fear of or an aversion to grasshoppers and/or locusts; particularly when that person has experienced clouds of locusts miles wide which have been described as the "teeth of the wind" knowing that they are capable of destroying vast amounts of crops.
acridophobia (s) (noun), acridophobias (pl)
A great hatred of certain insects based on the vast amounts of destruction which are caused by such bugs: Acridophobia involves disastrous swarms of grasshoppers and locusts that are like gigantic-living tumbleweeds that roll onward, during which the forward edge descends to feed as others pass over-head, and those that are left behind rise up and rejoin the hoard as they move on to consume other areas of vegetation.
acridophobic (adjective), more acridophobic, most acridophobic
Relating to the hatred of grasshoppers and locusts which consume great areas of vegetation: Some farmers in the midwest of the U.S. have severe acridophobic feelings regarding the plagues that such grain eaters cause, especially those who have lost their crops because of such devastators.
cricket, crickets
The common name for many members of the Orthoptera or an order of insects including the grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets, having straight folded posterior wings, incomplete metamorphosis (change in animal form), and usually enlarged hind legs and stridulation organs which provide a shrill grating or chirping noise made by rubbing body parts together.