anima-, anim-

(Latin: animal life, a living creature; living; breath; soul; mind)

The Latin element, anima-, refers to “a living being” from a Latin form meaning, “of air, having a spirit, living”; which in turn comes from another form meaning, “breath of air, air, soul, life”.

Animo et fide. (Latin motto)
Translation: "Through soul and faith."

Motto of Pensacola Jr. College, Pensacola, Florida, USA.

animosity (an" uh MAHS i tee) (s) (noun), animosities (pl)
1. A feeling or spirit of hostility, loathing, and resentment: Only one kind of passion is represented in animosity and that is the fervor of repugnance or revulsion.
2. A very strong and hostile dislike or hatred for others or for one’s situation: Gertrude, a TV reporter, developed animosity for those in the audience who criticized her overweight condition.
3. Etymology: animosity originally meant "animation, spirit", as the fire of a horse, called in Latin equi animositas.

Its present exclusive use in a "bad sense" is an instance of the tendency by which words originally neutral have come to assume a bad meaning.

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
A man exhibits animosity or hatred to the extent that he is like an animal monster.

Here is an extreme example of animosity with elements of animalistic psychosis.

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A display or expression of hostile action.
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A bitter hostility or hatred.
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A tendency to show hostile action and enmity.
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An illwill toward others.
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animus (AN uh muhs) (s) (noun), animuses (pl)
1. A feeling or display of enmity, ill will, or hostility: Jillian felt an animus against those who refused to accept her application for the job.

Gerald was satisfied with his first year on the job; however, after he was moved to a new department, he developed a real animus towards his supervisor.

2. An attitude, basic impulse, or feeling that motivates a person’s actions: Roy had an animus that persisted as he strived to pursue his vocational objectives.

Although animus still contains some of the original idea of the soul as a driving force, the more common interpretation is usually the sense of ill-will or dislike.

Hostile actions to get rid of the boss.
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An intent to do harm.
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aquatic animal (s) (noun), aquatic animals (pl)
A creature that lives in water: Aquatic animals require a watery habitat, but they do not necessarily have to exist entirely in such a liquid environment or situation.

Wildlife habitats are classified as either aquatic (water), terrestrial (land), or amphibious (water and land).

deanimalize (dee AN i muh lighz") (verb), deanimalizes; deanimalized; deanimalizing
To deprive a living creature of its character: The Johnsons took their cat to the veterinarian to have it deanimalized, or in other words, have him castrated by the removal of his reproductive organ and the claws clipped because they wanted to keep him indoors all the time.
desanimania (dis an" i MAY ni uh) (s) (noun), desanimanias (pl)
A mindless insanity: The book Lynn was reading described an old woman who was suffering from desanimania or who was insane and unmindful of her surroundings and of other people she met on the road near her home.
disanimate (dis AN i mayt") (verb), disanimates; disanimated; disanimating
1. To render lifeless or to deprive of life: The terrible disease that Joan’s grandfather had disanimated him within a short time, so he didn’t have to suffer too much before he departed from this world.
2. To divest of spirit, courage, or vigor: After Greg’s mother passed away, the experience of losing her disanimated him completely to such a degree that he couldn’t go back to work for a long time.
3. To discourage, to dispirit, to dishearten: The ordeal of getting a bad grade on his English test in school disanimated Albert so much that he stayed in his room and wouldn't talk to anybody the whole day!
equanimity (ee" kwuh NIM i tee, ek" wuh NIM i tee)) (s) (noun), equanimities (pl)
A mental composure, calmness, and evenness of temper; especially, in a difficult situation: Mary accepted both the good and the bad comments regarding her performance on stage with equanimity.
A calmness and mental composure.
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A calm temper.
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A self-control and not being agitated .
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A display of not being bothered.
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equanimous (ee" kwuh NIM uhs) (adjective), more equanimous, most equanimous
1. A reference to having mental or emotional stability or composure; especially, under tension or strain; calmness; equilibrium: Sometimes it is very difficult for a teacher to be equanimous during a lesson when the students have to be reminded not to talk so often.
2. Relating to being calm and in control of the emotions; primarily in a difficult situation: Jane was quite equanimous, or self-possessed, when being told by the authorities that she had violated the law by parking in the hospital driveway; especially, since it wasn't her car!
equanimousness (s) (noun), equanimousnesses (pl)
1. An even or composed frame of mind: It was very challenging for Jack to remain in a condition of equanimousness during the faculty meeting with other teachers when his favorite soccer team had just won the World Championship!
2. A steady temper: Ted was known for his equanimousness, or composure, while talking with his children after they had committed some misbehavior at school.
3. A condition of not being easily overjoyed nor depressed: Shirley was quite poised and showed a lot of equanimousness when she was visiting her relatives, whom she was not well acquainted with and didn’t see very often.
ex animo (adverb), more ex animo, most ex animo
Referring to how something is considered wholeheartedly or earnestly from the heart; sincerely: Sharon was convinced ex animo that she would do well with the final exam in biology when it would take place at the end of the semester.
exanimate (eg ZAN uh mit) (adjective), more exanimate, most exanimate
1. A reference to the lack of any appearance of life; rendered sluggish, lethargic, and inactive: After a long day at work, James collapsed into his armchair and was so exanimate, or dead to the world, that his wife had to call him several times before he responded!
2. Pertaining to the deprivation of spirits; disheartened; discouraged: After failing her driver’s license test, Lynn was so exanimate that she couldn’t eat her dinner that evening.
Spiritless, inactive, and languid.
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exanimation (eg ZAN uh may" shuhn) (s) (noun), exanimations (pl)
1. The deprivation of life, a killing: The news of the exanimation of so many chickens in Germany, thought to be sick with the bird flu, was presented on TV and in all of the newspapers.
2. A cause of breathlessness or unconsciousness: When Ginny was very young, she fell off the swing seat at her home and her exanimation was present for a few seconds because she could hardly breathe!
3. A loss of spirits, a disheartening or depression: After George’s death, his family was filled with exanimation, feeling so very depressed and not being able to do the regular everyday activities which they usually did.
feral (FIR uhl, FER uhl) (adjective), more feral, most feral
1. Relating to an animal which is wild, savage, or has escaped from domesticity and is untamed: During the night, the feral cats were in Joe's backyard attacking and fighting each other.
2. A reference to existing in a natural situation, as animals or plants: Such feral elements of nature are not domesticated or cultivated.
3. Characteristic of wild animals that are sometimes ferocious after returning to the wild following a period of mutual relationship with humans: Jill's neighbor saw a group of feral dogs, which once lived with her, roaming in the forests when he went hunting.
Wild and ferocious.
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Untamed and fierce.
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Referring to an untamed and wild, savage animal.
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Although the term feral is not from the anima-, anim- origin, it does come from Latin fera, "wild animal, wild beast"; from ferus, "wild".

inanimate (in AN uh mit) (adjective), more inanimate, most inanimate
1. A reference to not being alive; lifeless; not endowed with animal life: Rocks, sand, and water are examples of inanimate things.
2. Descriptive of being without the activity or motion of life; spiritless, inactive: Teresa's little baby seemed to be almost inanimate when he was sleeping and breathing so peacefully.
Spiritless, dull, not endodwed with life.
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Related "animal" units: faun-; therio-; zoo-.

Related life, live-word units: bio-; -cole; vita-; viva-.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving the "mind, mental" word units: anima-; anxi-; deliri-; hallucina-; menti-; moro-; noo-; nous; phreno-; psych-; thymo-2.