acuto-, acut-, acuti-, acu-, -cusis; also, agu-
(Latin: sharp, to sharpen; point; needle, pin)
There is no doubt that tiredness affects visual acuity.
2. Quickness in understanding and dealing with a situation; keen insight: The student contestant had the acumen to figure out which version of the homograph to spell correctly.
2. Extremely severe and sharp; such as, an intense pain: Tyrone is suffering from acute appendicitis.
3. Keenly perceptive or discerning, ingenious: Einstein is said to have been a man of uncommonly acute intelligence.
Megan's natural acumen in science suggested that she had an acute sense of smell and good visual acuity.
2. Bearing a stinger, as some bees and wasps.
3. As a figure of speech: pointed, incisive, stinging.
2. As a figure of speech: pointed, incisive, keen, pungent.
2. Pointed, covered with sharp spines.
2. A conical elevation of the skin of a plant, becoming hard and sharp-pointed: as with the rose.
3. A hair-like projection.
2. The ability to make quick, accurate, and intelligent judgments about people or situations; mental sharpness and intelligence: As a recent graduate in business administration, Trudy has considerable business and financial acumen.
3. Speed, accuracy, and keenness of judgment or insight: The student contestant had the acumen to figure out which version of the homograph to spell correctly even though the two words had the same exact pronunciation.
4. Etymology: from Latin acumen, "a point, a sting"; hence, "mental sharpness, shrewdness"; from acuere, "to sharpen".
The pronunciation (uh KYOO muhn), with the stress on the second syllable, is an older, traditional pronunciation reflecting the word's Latin origin. In recent years it has been replaced as the most common pronunciation of the word by an Anglicized variant with stress on the first syllable, (AK yuh muhn).
A keen mind may be compared to a sharp knife, which penetrates easily and quickly. For clean-cut action, both the knife and the mind must be "sharp". So it is natural that, when a word was needed to denote the faculty of keen, penetrating thought, the Latin word for "sharpness" should be borrowed.
Acuere, in Latin, means "to sharpen", and acumen means "sharpness". English borrowed acumen and used it figuratively for sharpness of the mind.
Acute, from the past participle of the same Latin verb acuere, means "sharpened, keen", and it is used broadly in a figurative sense.
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2. Tending towards a point.