-ation, -ization (-iz[e] + -ation); -isation (British spelling variation)

(Greek > Latin: a suffix; action, act, process, state, or condition; or result of doing something)

Although there are over 1,450 word entries ending with -ation or -ization listed in this unit, there are certainly many more which exist in the English language. At any rate, this unit provides a significant number of -ation and -ization examples for you to see.

1. Developing in intricate and painstaking detail.
2. Addition of extra material, illustrations, or clarifying details.
3. In psychiatry, an unconscious process of expanding and embellishing a detail; especially, while recalling and describing a representation in a dream so that latent content of the dream is brought into a logical and comprehensible order.
elapidation (s) (noun), elapidations (pl)
A clearing away of rocks: An elapidation, or a removal of piles of stones and pebbles, had to be performed on the premises before construction of a new building could begin.
elation (s) (noun), elations (pl)
A feeling of joy and happiness.
1. The act of electrizing; electrification or the application of electricity to the body.
2. The electric polarization divided by the permittivity of empty space.
A electrical pacing of the heart.
electrocauterization, electric cauterization
1. The cauterization of tissue with an electrocautery; in other words, the destruction of tissue with an electric current.
2. A method of removing warts or polyps by placing a needle or wire loop heated by a direct galvanic current on the tissue to be removed.
electrocoagulation, surgical diathermy
1. A procedure that uses an electrical current to stop bleeding.
2. A therapeutic destructive form of electrosurgery in which tissue is hardened by the passage of high-frequency current from an electric cautery device.
3. A method of sealing blood vessels using heat generated by high-frequency electric current through fine needles or an electrical surgical knife.

The procedure is used during surgery to close newly cut vessels and it can also be used to stop nosebleeds and to remove vascular deformities.

electrodesiccation (s), electrodesiccations (pl) (noun forms)
1. The diathermic destruction of small growths; such as, of the urinary bladder, skin, or cervix by means of a single needle-shaped terminal electrode with a small sparking distance: "The surgeon removed a suspect mole by electrodesiccation and thoroughly desiccated the immediately adjoining tissue with a needle electrode."
2. A technique in electrosurgery in which tissue is destroyed by burning with an electric spark.

It is used primarily for eliminating small superficial growths; however, it may be used with curettage to eradicate abnormal tissue deeper in the skin or to stop bleeding.

This procedure is performed under local anesthesia.

3. The destructive drying of cells and tissue by means of short high-frequency electric sparks, as opposed to fulguration, the destruction of tissue by means of long high-frequency electric sparks.

Among other applications, electrodesiccations are used for hemostasis (stopping the flow of blood) of very small capillaries or veins which have been severed (cut) during surgery.

1. The induction of ejaculation by the application of a gradually increasing electrical current delivered through a probe inserted into the rectum.

It is used in animal husbandry and for the collection of sperm for insemination from men with spinal cord injuries and other medical conditions which prevent ejaculation.

2. An electrical stimulation applied to the rectum in order to produce an ejaculation of semen.

This is commonly used for spinal cord injury or testicular cancer patients who cannot ejaculate and are attempting artificial insemination.

It may also be used for those with abdominal injuries, multiple sclerosis, diabetic neuropathy, and anejaculation from other causes, both physical and psychogenic.

electrolytic dissociation
1. The ionization of a compound in a solution.
2. The ionization of a solute in a solution
3. The breaking up of a neutral ionic compound into two or more oppositely charged ions, usually by the effect of dissolution or separation into component parts.
3. The separation of the molecule of an electrolyte into ions or its constituent atoms.
electrolytic separation
A process in which a charged electrode collects ions from a solution.
1. Decomposition (break down) by electrolysis or the act or process of electrolyzing.
2. A process in which electric energy causes a chemical change in a conducting medium, usually a solution or a molten substance, or the decomposition of a substance such as hair follicles.
Electrical currents used to enhance tissue absorption of medication.
electrometric titration
A method of titration in which the end point is detected by measuring the change in potential across suitable electrodes or the change of electric conductance or other electric property during titration (way of determining the concentration of a solution).
1. The motion of ions in a metal conductor within an integrated circuit, typically in aluminum surfaces in response to high current passage.

It causes voids (empty spaces) in the conductor that can grow until current flow is blocked.

Its destructive effects are aggravated at high temperature and high-current flow, but these effects can be minimized by limiting current densities and alloying the aluminum with copper or titanium.

2. A detrimental effect occurring in transistors employing aluminum metallization schemes.

Electromigration of aluminum results from the mass transportation of metal by momentum exchanges between thermally activated metal ions and conduction electrons.

When it occurs, the ideally uniform aluminum film reconstructs to form thin conductor regions and extruded-like hillocks (hills or bumps) that may cause the transistor's destruction.