zoster-, zoster +
(Greek: girdle; belt)
2. A reactivation of the same Herpes virus that is responsible for chicken pox: Herpes zoster results in a painful blistery red rash that is confined to one side of the body.
3. Eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia or an acute viral disease caused by a herpesvirus: The herpes zoster is the same virus that causes chickenpox.
Characteristics include inflammation of spinal ganglia with pain and a vesicular eruption along the area of distribution of a sensory nerve.
It sometimes accompanies diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and lymphoma; and it may be triggered by trauma or injection of certain drugs.
In some cases, it appears without any apparent reason for activation.
It involves the sensory ganglia and their areas of innervation, characterized by severe neuralgic pain along the distribution of the affected nerve and crops of clustered vesicles over the area of the corresponding dermatome, and it is usually unilateral and confined to a single or adjacent dermatomes.
2. Herpes zoster: This type of zoster causes a pain located in an appropriate sensory area but not followed by the development of characteristic lesions.
"Varicella zoster" is the virus that causes chickenpox and it is a member of a big family of related viruses in the Herpes clan, so shingles is a relative of the common cold sore (Herpes labialis).
After a person has a natural case of chickenpox, the virus lives on in the body in the nervous system, specifically in the nerve roots branching off the spinal cord and coursing out between the spinal discs to the body.
In certain unfortunate individuals, certain stimuli, like stress, fever, tension, etc., can trigger the virus to multiply and flow down the nerve fibers to the skin. There, itchy, sometimes painful lesions, quite reminiscent of chickenpox sores will develop.
If these are tested, they are full of chickenpox virus ("varicella zoster"). The resultant painful disease is sometimes called "shingles". If shingles re-occurs (and sometimes it does, especially in older people) it apparently always affects exactly the same area of the body.
2. Resembling herpes zoster: The skin eruption on her arm was very strange and so, after Dr. Smart examined it, he said it was a zosteriform inflammation which needed immediate attention.
2. Resembling herpes zoster: A zosteroid virus infection is also known as a zosteriform infection.