vers-, vert-, -verse, -version, -version, -versation, -versal, -versary, -vert, vort-, vors-

(Latin: bend, turn)

ad (s) (noun), ads (pl
Short for advertisement: Mr. Black placed an ad in the paper to sell his car.
adversaria (ad vuhr SAY ree uh) (s) (noun) , adversaria (ahd wehr SAH ree uh) (pl)
Primarily a journal: As a singular noun, an adversaria is a journal or commonplace book, a book used for recording one's observations as well as for collecting poems, brief essays, and any other material one finds worth keeping.

As a plural, adversaria, literally means, "that which has been turned to" referring to notes or brief written comments: Harriet's adversaria were fascinating in their perceptions.

Adversaria also refers to annotations or commentaries written on the facing page of a book.

—From Amo, Amas, Amat and More by Eugene Ehrlich;
Harper & Row, Publishers; New York; 1985, page 29.
adversary (s) (noun), adversaries (pl)
1. A person who, or that which, takes up a position of antagonism, or acts in a hostile manner; an opponent, antagonist; an enemy, a foe: The governor's political adversaries tried to keep him from winning a second term in office.
2. Etymology: from Anglo-French adverser, from Old French adversier, from Latin adversarius, "opponent, rival"; literally, "turned toward one", from adversus, "turned against".
A foe or a person who opposes another person.
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An opponent, an enemy, or a foe.
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adversative (s) (noun), adversatives (pl)
A word, phrase, or clause that expresses opposition or a contrast: Examples of adversatives include such conjunctions as, "but" or "although".

Mark was talking to a friend about a trip and the possible weather conditions and he expressed an adversative when he said, "We should set a date for our journey, but if the weather is too bad, we need to plan an alternative time."

adversative (adjective), more adversative, most adversative
Pertaining to an expression of opposition or contrast by someone: Jill had an adversative reaction to what her father said about her boyfriend.
adversatively (adverb)
Referring to an expression of contrariety, opposition, or antithesis: Ed was adversatively opposed to going for a walk during the heavy rain.
adversativeness (s) (noun) (no plural)
A criticism or censure; a comment that expresses a negative reaction to something: Tim' mother showed her adversativeness when her son left his pants, shirt, and underwear on the floor of his bedroom instead of putting them away properly.
adverse (ad VURS, AD vurs") (adjective), more adverse, most adverse
1. Relating to someone or something that is opposed to or hostile toward another person or thing; unfavorable and negative: Adverse winds prevented the plane from arriving on time.

Adverse winds usually reduce the speed of sailing vessels.

When striving to achieve a worthy objective, everyone should not be discouraged by adverse criticism.

High interest rates are adverse to increasing the sales of houses.
2. Etymology: from Old French avers (Modern French adverse); from Latin adversus, "turned against"; therefore, "hostile"; past participle of advertere, from ad-, "to" + vertere, "to turn".

Conflicting with and contrary to one's interests; unfortunate.
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adverse hydro (adjective), more adverse hydro, most adverse hydro
A description of water situations that are unfavorable to the generation of water power: Adverse hydro conditions, such as low rainfall or snowfall, and the lack of runoff from mountains or hills, limits the production of hydroelectric power.
1. In an unfavorable manner.
2. Descriptive of being antagonistic in purpose or effect.
2. A reference to being actively opposed to one's interests or wishes; contrary to one's welfare.
3. Relating to acting against or working in an opposing direction.
An action against or a contrary direction.
1. A strong feeling of dislike of someone or something.
2. The act of turning oneself, or gaze, away.
3. The avoidance of something, a situation, or some kind of behavior because it has been associated with an unpleasant or painful stimulus.
adversity (s) (noun), adversities (pl)
1. A condition of misfortune or affliction: So many people in numerous countries are facing the adversities of hunger, illness, poverty, and killings or being crippled as a result of the ongoing wars.
2. An extremely unfavorable experience or harmful event: The strong winter winds with freezing rains or flooding have been adversities for many who were not prepared for such unusual calamities.
Continual misfortune and hardship.
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Ill fortune, a calamity, or distress.
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Wretchedness, misfortune, trouble.
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adversus (masculine), adversa (feminine), adversum (neuter)
1. Set opposite, adverse, having been set against.

Ne Hercules quidem adversus duos.

"Not even Hercules fights against two."

2. Turned toward, having been turned toward.
Adversus solem ne loquitor.
"Don't speak against the sun."

Also translated as, "Don't waste your time arguing the obvious."

When confronted by an important, irrefutable fact, there is no point in arguing about it any further.

Inter-related cross references involving word units meaning "bend, curve, turn": diversi-; diverticul-; flect-, flex-; gyro-; meand-; -plex; streph-; stroph-; tors-; tropo-; verg-; volv-.