varic-, varico-; varix-

(Latin: twisted and swollen vein)

A varicosity (uneven, permanent dilatation of a vein) of the eyelid.
1. Dilatation of the veins associated with the spermatic cord in the testes.
2. A varicose condition of veins of the spermatic cord or the ovaries, forming a soft tumor.
3. A swelling of the veins in the spermatic cord of the scrotum.

It may cause only slight discomfort, but it can affect fertility, so that surgical correction is required.

The surgical excision of a portion of the scrotal sac with ligation of the dilated veins to relieve varicocele (enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord or varicose veins in the scrotum or the muscular sac which contains the testes).
1. Radiography of varicose veins after the injection of a contrast medium.
2. Radiographic visualization of the course and extent of a collection of varicose veins.
Resembling a varix (abnormally enlarged or twisted blood vessel or lymphatic vessel).
Varicose tumor of the navel.
Varicose veins with inflammation or inflammation of a varicose vein or veins.
1. A reference to varices; distended, swollen, knotted veins.
2. Swollen, knotted, or distended to a greater extent than normal.
3. Affected with or having varicose veins.
4. Relating to or producing swelling.
5. Resembling a small longitudinal ridge varix (knotted) on the shell of some gastropods.
varicose aneurysm
An arterovenous aneurysm in which the blood is carried into the vein through a connecting pulsating sac.

The associated veins also may be dilated and pulsating.

An aneurysm is a localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, vein, or the heart. At the area of an aneurysm, there is typically a bulge and the wall is weakened and may rupture.

The word aneurysm comes from the Greek aneurysma meaning "a widening".

varicose ulcer
An ulcer that forms as a result of varicose veins.

When thrombophlebitis (inflammation of a vein that occurs when a blood clot forms) develops in varicose veins, this leads to venous stasis and eventually edema (swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess water accumulation) and ulcer formation.

Venous stasis refers to the congestion and slowing of circulation in veins due to blockage by either an obstruction or high pressure in the venous system, usually best seen in the feet and legs.

Edema is often more prominent in the lower legs and feet toward the end of the day as a result of the pooling of fluid from the upright position maintained during the day. Upon awakening from sleeping, patients can have swelling around the eyes referred to as "periorbital edema".

varicose vein
An enlarged, twisted superficial vein.

This condition may occur in almost any part of the body, but it is most common in the lower extremities and in the esophagus.

It shows up as pain in the feet and ankles, swelling, and ulcers on the skin characterize this condition. Severe bleeding occurs if the vein is injured.

The condition is caused by incompetent venous valves that may be acquired or congenital. The development of varicose veins is promoted and aggravated by pregnancy, obesity, and occupations that require prolonged standing.

Esophageal varices are caused by portal hypertension that accompanies cirrhosis (abnormal liver condition characterized by irreversible scarring) of the liver.

More about Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are dilated tortuous (with many turns or bends) veins occurring in about fifteen per cent of adults; women more than men.

They most commonly occur in the legs, but they may also occur in the anal canal (hemorrhoids) and in the esophagus (as a result of a liver disease).

This flow, back towards the heart, is aided by valves within the veins. When these valves fail, increased pressure is exerted on the blood vessels leading to dilatations (dilated or stretched beyond normal dimensions) known as varicose veins.

Varicose condition of veins.
A condition of being varicose.
Excision of a varicose vein.
varix (s), varices (pl)
1. A tortuous dilation of a vein.
2. A dilatation of an artery or lymph vessel.
3. An enlarged and convoluted vein, artery, or lymphatic vessel.
4. A ridge along the length of the shell of a gastropod mollusk.