tracheo-, trache-

(Greek: windpipe; originally, "rough" artery)

Aristotle, like other ancients, believed that the arteries contained air. As a result, he distinguished between the artery par excellence, which he called "the smooth artery" and the windpipe, which he named "the rough artery".
Klein's Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language by Dr. Ernest Klein
(New York: Elsevier Publishing Company; 1967), p. 1635.

Pertaining to the larynx and the trachea.
Inflammation of the larynx and trachea.
Inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi; the acute form is the most common cause of croup [an acute viral disease of childhood, marked by a resonant barking cough, suffocative and difficult breathing, and laryngeal spasm].
Endoscopic examination of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi.
A combination of laryngoscopy and tracheoscopy.
Incision of the larynx and trachea.
trachea (singular), tracheae (plural)
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
Dilatation of the trachea.
Pertaining to the trachea.
Inflammation of the trachea.
tracheoaerocele (s) (noun), tracheoaeroceles (pl)
A tracheal hernia containing air: Arthur was informed by his doctor that he had a condition of tracheoaerocelem or, in other words, a cyst in his neck that was caused by an enlargement, or bulge, in the mucous membrane because of a defect in the trachea wall.
Pertaining to the trachea and bronchi, denoting especially a set of lymph nodes.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea and bronchi.
A rare and probably congenital condition characterized by great enlargement of the lumen [the space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube] of the trachea and the larger bronchi.
Inspection of the interior of the trachea and bronchi.