ten-, tent-, tin-, -tain, -tainment, -tenance, -tinence

(Latin: hold, grasp, have)

abstain (ab STAYN, uhb STAYN) (verb), abstains; abstained; abstaining
1. Choosing not to do or to have something: Clarence is abstaining from taking part in the discussion.
2. The process of choosing not to vote for or against something: Seven members voted for the proposal, three voted against it, and four abstained.
3. To hold oneself back or to voluntarily do without something by refraining from doing it: It is a struggle to abstain from eating a large slice of chocolate birthday cake.
4. Etymology: from Latin abs-, "from" + tenere, "to hold".
To voluntarily stop consuming food or certain drinks.
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To refrain voluntarily from indulgence of the appetities.
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Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
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abstainer (s) (noun), abstainers (pl)
1. A person who chooses to avoid doing something regarded as improper or unhealthy; especially, the drinking of alcoholic beverages or the smoking of cigarettes: The members of the club were all abstainers from the use of alcohol or tobacco.
2. Those who practice self-denial as a spiritual discipline: The spiritual hermit on the mountain was renowned as an abstainer from eating meat.
abstaining (adjective), more abstaining, most abstaining
Relating to the avoidance of some activity and not using harmful substances; such as alcohol, drugs, or fatty foods, etc.: The abstaining couple, Mr. and Mrs. Lawson, improved their health and well-being by not using hard liquor or any other kind of intoxicants anymore.
abstemious (adjective), more abstemious, most abstemious
1. Relating to being moderate or not excessive when eating and drinking; being sober, temperate; and not being too self-indulgent: Ted's family ate abstemious meals in order to cut down on their overweight conditions.

Abstemious people restrict themselves to the bare necessities of life and prefer an austere, simple, or unassuming lifestyle.

2. Etymology: abs-, ab-, "from, away from" + temetum, "intoxicating drink, mead, wine".
Moderate and sparing in the use of food and drink; being temperate.
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Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
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abstention (s) (noun), abstentions (pl)
1. Voluntarily doing without something: Susan's abstention from chocolate was a choice she made because it was causing skin problems.
2. A refusal to vote either for or against a proposal: The committee vote resulted in five ayes, ten nays, and four abstentions.
3. The deliberate choice of not doing something: The abstention by the mayor during the vote resulted in the proposal being defeated.
abstinence (s) (noun), abstinences (pl)
1.The action or process of voluntarily refraining from some behavior, or practice; self-control: While trying to lose weight, Steve's sister practiced abstinence from excessive red meat and junk food; instead, she ate a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains all of which made her feel better and even look better.
2. The practice of not doing or having something that is wanted or enjoyable: Jeremy started to drink again after a long period of total abstinence from alcohol consumption.

Abstinence may refer to denial of certain foods and drinks thought to be harmful to a person's health; however, it can also refer to refraining from behavior that is considered immoral.

Noise is a real problem.
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Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
for a list of additional Mickey Bach illustrations.

abstinent (s) (noun), abstinents (pl)
A person who is self-restraining; not indulging with one's appetite; especially, for food or drink: As an abstinent, Greg, the coach, was described as a role model for the players on the football team.
abstinently (adverb), more abstinently, most abstinently
A reference to the restraint of someone's appetites or desires: Russell abstinently practiced self-denial so he could provide for his family's needs.
appertain (verb), appertains; appertained; appertaining
1. To relate to something.
2. To belong as a proper function or part; such as, problems appertaining to social reform.
3. Etymology: from Old French apartenir, from Late Latin adpertinere, "to pertain to"; from ad-, "to, completely" + pertinere, "to belong to"; from per-, "through" + tenere, "to hold".

To belong to as parts to the whole, or as members to a family or class.

appurtenance (s), appurtenances (pl) (nouns)
An object or objects that are used with or for something: "The office is equipped with all of the appurtenances that are essential for an efficient business environment in this modern world."

"Appurtenances also include equipment or gear; such as, clothing, tools, or instruments, that are used for specific purposes or tasks."

appurtenant (adjective), more appurtenant, most appurtenant
Supplying added support or relating to something that is added to or belongs to something else; such as, in situations like a building addition that fits, or belongs to the original structure; or a legal decision about whether a claim of discrimination is appurtenant to a particular law: "The contractor was about to build in the appurtenant parts of the building including the doors, windows, ventilators, partitions, electrical connections, etc."

"Janice was told by her physician that physical health results in appurtenant mental well-being."

attentive (adjective), more attentive, most attentive
1. Paying attention; being observant; listening to or watching carefully and with concentration.
2. Considerate, courteous, devoted, behaving toward a person, or people, in a way that shows special regard or affection, etc.
contain (verb), contains; contained; containing
To have within itself, to hold as contents; to include: Caron's newspaper contains a great deal of information about weather conditions and what they have done in her geographical area.
container (s) (noun), containers (pl)
A box, can, jar, etc. used to hold, to have, or to keep something in it.
containment (s) (noun), containments (pl)
The confinement of a hostile, or a potentially dangerous political or military force, within an existing geographical boundary or area.