tarax-, tarac-

(Greek > Latin: confusion, disturbance, irritation, trouble, lack of calmness)

ataractic (adjective), more ataractic, most ataractic
1. A description of the therapeutic property of certain drugs that are tranquilizers: "Ted picked up his ataractic prescription from the druggist in order relieve him of his depression."
2. Etymology: from Greek ataraktos, "undisturbed": based on the negative prefix a-, "not" + tarak; a variant stem of the verb tarassein, "to disturb, to confuse".

ataraxia (s) (noun), ataraxias (pl)
A state of complete mental calm and peacefulness, calmness, serenity, and untroubled by mental or emotional agitation: "The Epicureans were especially fond of the term ataraxia which meant freedom from confusion and having a peace of mind."

"It has been proposed that drugs of this type be designated as ataraxias."

"Ataraxia was the state of calm and indifference sought as an objective by the Stoics, members of a philosophical school founded by Zeno about 300 B.C., who taught the rigid suppression of passions, self-indulgences, and unjust thoughts."

"Ataraxia resulted in the teaching of indifference to pleasure or pain which led to the definition of stoical as "impassive" with the implication of austere courage and submission without complaint to the inevitable hard knocks of life."

ataraxy (s) (noun), ataraxies (pl)
1. An idyllic state of complete serenity, free from anxiety and the cares of the world, or any sort of emotional upset.
2. Freedom from disturbance of mind or passion; stoical indifference.
3. In psychiatry, absence of anxiety or confusion; untroubled calmness; inner harmony; especially without depression of mental faculties or clouding of consciousness.
taraxigenic (adjective), more taraxigenic, most taraxigenic
1. Relating to something that deprives a person of calmness and peace of mind: "The pressures at work were making Hugo very tense and upset to such a degree that he was requesting time off so he could recuperate from his taraxigenic malady."
2. Etymology: from Greek tarassein, "to disturb, to confuse" + -genic, "creating, beginning, produced by".
taraxigenous (noun), more taraxigenous, most taraxigenous
Descriptive of something that causes a mental or nervous condition: "Bert's taraxigenous ailment had developed into disturbances that required some psychiatric treatment."
taraxiphrenia (s) (noun), taraxiphrenias (pl)
A state of the mind or a physical state of health that is abnormally tense and very disturbing: "The medical doctor told Mildred that her taraxiphrenia required a psychiatric specialist to diagnose her condition and to prescribe a treatment or she could have a nervous breakdown."