em-, emp-, empt-; sump-, -sum-

(Latin: a taking, to take, to take up, to buy, to select; to use, to spend, to consume)

preemption (s) (noun), preemptions (pl)
The replacement of one thing for something else: "Many radio listeners complained about the excessive preemptions that were taking place instead of the regular programs."
preemptive (adjective), more preemptive, most preemptive
preemptor (s) (noun), preemptors (pl)
presume (verb), presumes; presumed; presuming
1. To accept that something is virtually certain to be correct even though there is no proof of it, on the grounds that it is extremely likely.
2. To behave so inconsiderably, disrespectfully, or over confidently as to do something without being entitled or qualified to do it; usually used in a negative sense.

To presume means "to consider likely, to expect," or "to think to be a fact": Since Mark's firm is prosperous and his work has been very good, he presumes that he will be getting a raise very soon.

In modern usage, assume and presume are often used with the same meanings.

1. The taking upon onself of more than is warranted by one's position, right, or (formerly) ability; forward or over-confident opinion or conduct; arrogance, pride, effrontery, assurance.
2. The assuming or taking of something for granted; also, that which is presumed or assumed to be, or to be true, on probable evidence; a belief deduced from facts or experience; assumption, assumed probability, supposition, expectation.
3. In law, presumption of fact: the inference of a fact not certainly known, from known facts.
4. In law, presumption of law: the assumption of the truth of anything until the contrary is proved or an inference established by the law as universally applicable to certain circumstances.
5. A ground or reason for presuming or believing; presumptive evidence.
1. Giving reasonable grounds for presumption or belief; warranting inference.
2. Based on presumption or inference; presumed, inferred.
By presumption or inference; presumably.
presumptuous (adjective), more presumptuous, most presumptuous
1. Characterized by being unduly confident or bold in opinion or conduct in a way that is arrogant, impertinent, or rude: Mac was giving presumptuous advice to his supervisor about how the project should be done.
2. Relating to doing something without permission or which is not proper, or done for a good reason: The student's presumptuous interruptions by asking the teacher questions before she was able to finish explaining the exercise was more disruptive than helping to understand it.
3. Etymology: from Latin praesumptuosus and praesumere, "to take beforehand, presuppose"; from prae-, "before (in time and place) + sumere, "to take"; which is a compound of sub, "under" + emere, "to take".
Overly bold and taking unacceptable liberties.
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Being boldly rude and interruptive.
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Descriptive of anyone who exceeds a rational or acceptable behavior.
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presumptuously (adverb), more presumptuously, most presumptuously
Relating to going beyond what is right or proper; excessively forward and confident or bold in opinion or conduct in a way that is arrogant, impertinent, or rude: Sam was presumptuously advising his supervisor about how to complete the new contract.
The quality of being presumptuous; groundless self-confidence; over-bold forwardness.
prompt (s) (noun), prompts (pl)
1. In computer science, a symbol or message that appears on the computer screen to indicate that the computer is ready to receive a command or which requests action from the user; such as, "Enter Password" or "Press the Button to Continue".
2. Something that is done at once and without delay.
3. Being ready, punctual, or quick to act.
4. Etymology: from the mid-14th century, from Old French prompt, which came from Latin promptus, "brought forth, at hand, ready, quick"; from promere, "to bring forth"; from pro-, "forward" + emere, "to take".
prompt (adjective), prompter, promptest
1. Being on time; being punctual: "She was always the promptest worker on the job even though her co-worker tried to be prompter."
2. Carried out or performed without delay: "He responded with a prompt acknowledgement."
prompt (verb), prompts; prompted; prompting
1. To cause someone to act or to make a person decide to do something: "Fortunately, she was prompted to change her mind about going on the trip."
2. To cause something to happen.
3. To provide actors during a performance with words or lines they have forgotten: "The actor had to be prompted often in the first scene of the play."
4. To indicate or to suggest something which a person should say, or to give a reminder to a speaker.
5. Etymology: from Latin promptus, literally, "brought forth", and so, "visible, apparent, evident, manifest" from the past participle of promere, "to take or to bring out or forth"; from pro-emere, from pro-, "before, forward + emere, "to take".
Prompte et sincere. (Latin expression)
Translation: "Prompt and sincere."

Motto of Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA.

prompter (s) (noun), prompters (pl)