em-, emp-, empt-; sump-, -sum-
(Latin: a taking, to take, to take up, to buy, to select; to use, to spend, to consume)
2. To behave so inconsiderably, disrespectfully, or over confidently as to do something without being entitled or qualified to do it; usually used in a negative sense.
To presume means "to consider likely, to expect," or "to think to be a fact": Since Mark's firm is prosperous and his work has been very good, he presumes that he will be getting a raise very soon.
In modern usage, assume and presume are often used with the same meanings.
2. The assuming or taking of something for granted; also, that which is presumed or assumed to be, or to be true, on probable evidence; a belief deduced from facts or experience; assumption, assumed probability, supposition, expectation.
3. In law, presumption of fact: the inference of a fact not certainly known, from known facts.
4. In law, presumption of law: the assumption of the truth of anything until the contrary is proved or an inference established by the law as universally applicable to certain circumstances.
5. A ground or reason for presuming or believing; presumptive evidence.
2. Based on presumption or inference; presumed, inferred.
2. Relating to doing something without permission or which is not proper, or done for a good reason: The student's presumptuous interruptions by asking the teacher questions before she was able to finish explaining the exercise was more disruptive than helping to understand it.
3. Etymology: from Latin praesumptuosus and praesumere, "to take beforehand, presuppose"; from prae-, "before (in time and place) + sumere, "to take"; which is a compound of sub, "under" + emere, "to take".
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2. Something that is done at once and without delay.
3. Being ready, punctual, or quick to act.
4. Etymology: from the mid-14th century, from Old French prompt, which came from Latin promptus, "brought forth, at hand, ready, quick"; from promere, "to bring forth"; from pro-, "forward" + emere, "to take".
2. Carried out or performed without delay: "He responded with a prompt acknowledgement."
2. To cause something to happen.
3. To provide actors during a performance with words or lines they have forgotten: "The actor had to be prompted often in the first scene of the play."
4. To indicate or to suggest something which a person should say, or to give a reminder to a speaker.
5. Etymology: from Latin promptus, literally, "brought forth", and so, "visible, apparent, evident, manifest" from the past participle of promere, "to take or to bring out or forth"; from pro-emere, from pro-, "before, forward + emere, "to take".
Motto of Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA.