stru-, struct-, -structure, -struction, -structive
(Latin: to build, to build up; to pile; to construct; to place together, to arrange)
2. To teach someone a subject or skill by providing with knowledge; especially, in a methodical way: "A private tutor instructed the brother and sister so they could qualify for the university."
3. To arrange for a lawyer to speak in court or to ask or to authorize a lawyer to act on one's behalf and to supply him or her with relevant information.
4. To give information as a judge to a jury at the end of a case in order to explain the applicable points of law and to summarize what has to be proven.
5. Etymology: from Latin instruct-, the past participle of instruere, "to prepare, to equip"; from struere, "to build".
2. A spoken or written statement of what must be done; especially, delivered formally, with official authority, or as an order.
3. Printed information explaining how to use or do something.
4. A line of code written as part of a computer program.
5. The activities of educating or instructing or teaching, or the profession of teaching; including activities that impart knowledge or skills: "The instructions for studying the concepts of chemistry were very clear."
2. Referring to the process of transmitting and acquiring knowledge, skills, and work habits.
The instructional procedures for preparing an individual for life and work.
2. Providing useful information or insight into something.
3. Serving to inform or to educate and to be informative and enlightening; that is, making understandable or clarifying.
2. Serving to direct or to enlighten others with educational courses.
2. Anyone who teaches or instructs students; especially, a teacher at a college or a university.
3. A coach, a guide, an adviser, a trainer, a demonstrator, a tutor, a mentor, an educator, etc.
2. A piece of equipment that measures or controls something; such as, position, speed (speedometer), or temperature.
3. An object used to produce music; for a performance or for private reasons; for example, a flute, a guitar, a piano, a drum, etc.
4. Someone or something used as a means of achieving a desired result or of accomplishing a particular purpose: "Some educators consider standardized testing as an instrument for improving the educational results in the schools."
5. An object that has been or could be used for a purpose: "On the street last night, he was struck from behind with a blunt instrument."
6. Etymology: from the late 13th century, "musical instrument", from Old French instrument, from Latin instrumentem, "a tool, an apparatus, furniture, a dress" or "a document"; from instruere, "to arrange, to furnish".
2. Music that is played by instruments only instead of being sung or a composition for one or more instruments; usually, without vocal accompaniment: "They played instrumental music at the wedding."
2. A doctrine in which ideas are instruments of action and that their usefulness determines their truth.
3. The belief that theories are useful tools for making predictions; however, they cannot be literally true or false.
4. The view that concepts are merely useful instruments, properly evaluated not as true or false, but as effective or ineffective.
A philosophy advanced by John Dewey stating that what is most important in a thing or idea is its value as a tool of action and that the truth of an idea exists in its usefulness.
Dewey favored instrumentalism over pragmatism to label the philosophy on which his views of education were based; that is, indicating that ideas are conceived as instruments for transforming the uneasiness arising from facing a problem into the satisfaction of solving it.
2. A supporter or advocate of instrumentalism which is the pragmatic doctrine that ideas are plans for action serving as instruments for adjustment to the environment and that their validity is determined by their effectiveness.
2. The fact or function of serving some purpose: "The President wanted to know if the judicial instrumentalities of these federal agencies were adequate."
3. Something that serves as an intermediary or agent through which one or more functions of a larger controlling entity are carried out.
2. Descriptive of something serving as a means of pursuing an aim: "The organization was instrumentally responsible for bringing the proposal to the legislation."
3. Relating to the function of something as a means to an end: "It has been instrumentally advantageous to view our educational system to see how it relates to the needs of our students."
2. Reciprocally or interchangeably fatal, deadly, lethal, or harmful.
2. Descriptive of an interchangeable fatality or harmful result.