string-, strict-, strain-, -stringence, -stringency, -stringe, -stringent
(Latin: draw tight, to bind, to compress)
2. To constrain; to restrict; to limit.
2. The power of contracting the parts of the body; that quality in medicines or other substances which causes contraction of the organic textures.
2. A reference to something that is sharp or severe in manner or style: Joan's astrictive words had their effect on her son's misbehavior.
2. The ability to contract or to draw together soft body tissues to check blood flow or to restrict the secretion of fluids: Astringency is the drying sensation created in the mouth and throat and primarily on the surface of the tongue.
2. A substance or preparation; such as, alum, that draws together or constricts body tissues and is effective in stopping the flow of blood or other secretions.
Astringents act as protein precipitants; they arrest discharge by causing shrinkage of tissue.
Some astringents; such as, tannic acid, have been used in treating diarrhea; others; such as, boric acid and sodium borate, help relieve the symptoms of inflammation of the mucous membranes of the throat or conjunctiva of the eye.
Skin lotions often contain astringents; such as, aluminum acetate that help to reduce oiliness and excessive perspiration. Witch hazel is a common household astringent used to reduce swelling.
Styptic pencils, used to stop bleeding from small cuts, contain astringents. Zinc oxide and calamine are astringents used in lotions, powders and ointments to relieve itching and chafing in various forms of dermatitis.
3. Sharply penetrating; pungently or severely: Shirley made remarks astringently disturbing to her husband about not going to see a movie.
2. To keep within close bounds; to confine: Henry had a life that had been constrained by habit to do the same activities with his friends and family.
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2. In an inhibited or restrained condition.
2. Anyone who represses or restrains.
2. Characterizing ill at ease and embarrassment through repression of natural feelings.