stratio-, strati-, strato-, strat-, -stratus; ster-, stern-
(Latin: horizontal layer; stretched, spread out; layer, cloud layer; strew, scatter, disperse)
The Latin stratum meant "something laid down". It was used as a noun for the past participle of sternere, "to spread out, to lay down, to stretch out" which produced consternation and prostrate plus many other words from the same etymological sources which are listed in this unit.
2. A shocked or worried feeling, usually a result of something that happens unexpectedly: The serious illness of Tom's mother caused him much consternation, dread and anxiety; so, he went to be with her until she became well again.
3. Surprise and alarm, which results in panic, deep disappointment, or total confusion: There was general consternation when the terrifying news was published about the airport shootings.
4. Etymology: from French consternation, "dismay, confusion"; from Latin consternationem, "confusion, dismay"; from consternat-, the past participle stem of consternare, "to overcome, to confuse, to dismay, to perplex"; related to consternere, "to throw down, to prostrate"; from com-, "with, together" + sternere, "to spread out".
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2. Stretched out in a horizontal position, often because of illness or injury.
3. Drained of physical strength or incapacitated by overexertion or powerful emotion.
4. In botany, used to describe a plant that grows or trails along the ground.
2. Something that causes a person to become physically or emotionally weak or helpless.
2. Arranged in thin layers.
2. The formation of layers, castes, classes, or other types of strata.
3. A situation or condition where something is arranged in several strata.
4. A layered arrangement or appearance of successive rock strata.
5. The storing of seeds in a chilled moist environment or material in order to induce germination or to preserve them.
6. In hydrology, the arrangement of water masses in a lake or other body of water into two or more horizontal layers having different characteristics.
7. The formation of layers in snow, ice, or firn as a result of snow sedimentation or other processes [a "firn" is a loose, permeable, granular material that is over a year old, and which is transitional between snow and glacier ice].
2. Relating to the statistics of a population that has been divided into parts on the basis of certain features; such as, ages or geographical locations.
2. Forming or formed as a layer.
3. Like or having the form of a stratus cloud.
4. In meteorology, of a cloud, having a predominantly horizontal development; the opposite of cumuliform.
2. To form or be formed into castes, classes, or other groups based on status.
3. The storing of seeds in a chilled moist environment or material in order to induce germination or to preserve them.
The professor of geology discussed the chronological or vertical arrangement of rock units that were illustrated by their stratigraphic columns during his lecture.