arterio-, arteri-, arter-

(Greek > Latin: artery, arteries; blood vessels, veins, or windpipe)

Softening of the arteries.
arterionephrosclerosis, arterial nephrosclerosis
Patchy atrophic scarring of the kidney as a result of the arteriosclerotic narrowing (hardening due to fibrosis or calcium deposition) of the lumens (cavities or channels) of large branches of the renal artery (abdominal aorta which supplies the kidneys).

It occurs in elderly people or in hypertensive people and occasionally causes hypertension.

arteriopathy (s) (noun), arteriopathies (pl)
Any disease of the arteries: In one of his classes in medical school, Tom learned a lot about arteriopathy, and when not discovered earlier enough, could be a serious cause of many deaths.
1. The act or practice of opening an artery and/or a vein by incision or puncture to remove blood as a therapeutic treatment.
2. The operation of cutting into or opening an artery and a vein; especially, for the purpose of bloodletting (remove blood).
3. That part of anatomy which deals with the dissection of arteries and veins.
arterioplasty (s), arterioplasties (pl) (nouns)
The surgical reconstructions of the walls of arteries: "Glen had to have arteroplasties so the walls of his arteries could be normalized as much as possible."
arteriosclerosis (s) (noun), arterioscleroses (pl)
Any of the various growing and increasing rapidly degenerative changes in the arteries or blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the other areas of the body: Arteriosclerosis is a result of the thickening of the walls of the blood vessels, a loss of clasticity (separating and dividing), and in some cases, calcium deposition: After a physical examination, Mildred's doctor told her that she had arteriosclerosis involving a diminished elasticity in her arterial walls due to her normal aging processes which is commonly called the "hardening of the arteries".
Spasm of an artery or arteries.
arteriostasis (s) (noun), arteriostases (pl)
Control of blood flow through the arteries: Dr. Brown suggested that an arteriostasis should be considered in order to find out the reason for Jane's ailment.