semeio-, sema-, semato-, semat-, semasio-, semio-, -semic, -semia

(Greek: signal, signals; sign, signs; mark, marks; symbol, symbols)

allosematic
A reference to coloration or markings that imitate warning patterns of other typically noxious or dangerous organisms.
aposematic
1. A description of natural colors and bright markings on an animal that warn predators that it is poisonous.
2. Colored or constructed in a way that indicates special capabilities for defense.

Aposematic signals are beneficial for both the predator and prey, who both avoid potential harm.

asemantic
Having no meaning or showing no differences in meanings.
asemasia (s) (noun), asemasias (pl)
An inability to understand or to use previously acquired symbols; such as, speech, writing, or gestures, as a means of communication: When Dr. White checked Sidney's inability to use written text or even normal speaking skills, he recognized that Sidney had what was referred to as asemasia in old medical texts.
asemia (s) (noun), asemias (pl)
1. Loss of the ability, previously possessed, to make or understand any sign or token of communication, whether of organic or emotional origin: Asemia includes the trainman's or switchman's inability to realize the meaning of signals or colored lights, the student's lack of comprehension regarding letters, figures, and mathematical signs and symbols, and the soldier's disregard of bugle calls.
2. The inability to use or to understand signs, gestures, or written or printed language: This disorder of the loss of the ability to make or to understand any of the normal methods of communication is known as asemia which could be caused by a damaged part of the brain or a mental or an emotional problem rather than a physiological ailment.

asemic
A reference or descriptive term for anyone who is unable to comprehend, to use, to understand, or to express any signs or symbols.
chronosemic
Employing intervals of time with a fixed significance (as in a system of signaling) by exposing visual objects or sounding audible signals for selected intervals of time.
hendecasemic (adjective), more hendecasemic, most hendecasemic
Containing, or equivalent to, eleven signs or symbols.
icosasemic, eicosasemic
In ancient prosody (rhyme, meter, and the patterns of poetic forms), containing or amounting to twenty semeia or units of time.

Having or constituting a magnitude of twenty moræ or normal shorts (units of time): so, a dactylic or anapestic pentapody (a metrical poetic foot composed of two short syllables followed by one long one of five feet, as in the word seventeen) is icosasemic.

monoseme (s), monosemes (pl)
1. A word, or phrase, that has only one meaning.
2. Words, or phrases, each of which has a single meaning and that normally are unambiguous.
monosemous
1. A reference to having only one meaning; such as, a word, a statement, etc.
2. Having or exhibiting a single clearly defined meaning.
monosemy
1. The linguistic feature or fact of having only one meaning.
2. Words or phrases that have a single meaning; absence of ambiguity.
phonosemantics
A reference to sound symbolism or a branch of linguistics that refers to the idea that vocal sounds have meaning.

In particular, sound symbolism is the idea that phonemes (written between slashes like this: /b/) carry meaning in and of themselves.

polysemant (singular), polysemants (plural)
1. Referring to a word that has various meanings or more than one meaning.
2. Etymology: from Late Greek polysemantos, having many meanings; based on the prefix poly, "many" +semainein, "to mean", from sema, "sign".
polysemantic
A reference to a word that has multiple meanings.