semeio-, sema-, semato-, semat-, semasio-, semio-, -semic, -semia

(Greek: signal, signals; sign, signs; mark, marks; symbol, symbols)

allosematic (adjective), more allosematic, most allosematic
A reference to coloration or markings that imitate warning patterns of other typically noxious or dangerous organisms.
aposematic (adjective), more aposematic, most aposematic
1. A description of natural colors and bright markings on an animal that warn predators that it is poisonous.
2. Colored or constructed in a way that indicates special capabilities for defense: Aposematic signals are beneficial for both the predator and prey, who both try to avoid any potential harm.

asemantic (adjective), more asemantic, most asemantic
Pertaining to having no meaning or showing no differences in meanings.
asemasia (s) (noun), asemasias (pl)
An inability to understand or to use previously acquired symbols; such as, speech, writing, or gestures, as a means of communication: When Dr. White checked Sidney's inability to use written text or even normal speaking skills, he recognized that Sidney had what was referred to as asemasia in old medical texts.
asemia (s) (noun), asemias (pl)
1. A loss of the ability, previously possessed, to make or understand any sign or signal of communication, whether of organic or emotional origin: Asemias include the trainman's or switch-man's inability to realize the meaning of signals or colored lights, the student's lack of comprehension regarding letters, figures, and mathematical signs and symbols, and the soldier's disregard of bugle calls.
2. The inability to use or to understand signs, gestures, or written or printed language: This disorder of the loss of the ability to make or to understand any of the normal methods of communication is known as asemia which could be caused by a damaged part of the brain or a mental or an emotional problem rather than a physiological ailment.
asemic (adjective), more asemic, most asemic
A reference or descriptive term for anyone who is unable to comprehend, to use, to understand, or to express any signs or symbols.
chronosemic (adjective), more chronosemic, most chronosemic
Referring to the intervals of time with a fixed significance; as in a system of signaling, by exposing visual objects or sounding audible signals for selected intervals of time.
hendecasemic (adjective), more hendecasemic, most hendecasemic
Containing, or equivalent to, eleven signs or symbols.
icosasemic (adjective),more icosasemic, most icosasemic
Descriptive of ancient rhymes, meters, and the patterns of poetic forms, containing or amounting to twenty units of time.
monoseme (s) (noun), monosemes (pl)
A word, or phrase, that has only one meaning and that normally is unambiguous.
monosemous (adverb), more monosemous, most monosemous
A reference to having only one meaning; such as, a word, a statement, etc.
monosemy (noun) (no plural)
The linguistic feature or fact of having only one meaning: The majority of natural human languages are not monosemy but polysemous, that is, having more than one meaning per word.
phonosemantics
A reference to sound symbolism or a branch of linguistics that refers to the idea that vocal sounds have meaning.

In particular, sound symbolism is the idea that phonemes (written between slashes like this: /b/) carry meaning in and of themselves.

polysemant (singular), polysemants (plural)
1. Referring to a word that has various meanings or more than one meaning.
2. Etymology: from Late Greek polysemantos, having many meanings; based on the prefix poly, "many" +semainein, "to mean", from sema, "sign".
polysemantic
A reference to a word that has multiple meanings.