salivo-, saliv- +

(Latin: spittle, the fluid secreted in the mouth)

A graphic record or curve showing the action potential of the salivary glands, obtained with an electrically operated instrument.
Increased salivation associated with cancer of the esophagus.
1. To mix or impregnate (food) with saliva.
2. To moisten with saliva.
The action of mixing or impregnating food with saliva in the act of mastication.
Resembling or containing mucus and saliva.
saliva ejector
A device incorporating a suction pump, for removing saliva from the mouth during a dental procedure.
saliva; spit, spittle
1. The clear, watery, liquid-mixture of secretions from the salivary and oral mucous glands that lubricates chewed food, moistens the oral walls, starts the digestion of starches, and contains ptyalin.
2. A slightly alkaline secretion of water, mucin, protein, salts, and often a starch-splitting enzyme (as ptyalin) that is secreted into the mouth by salivary glands, lubricates ingested food, and often begins the breakdown of starches.

Saliva is a world of its own, teeming with bacteria, mucus, enzymes, skin cells, blood cells, and hundreds of different proteins; the product of multiple glands, serum leakage, drainage from nasal cavities, and whatever people put in their mouths.

Saliva is routinely used to test for hormone levels and illegal drugs; but, so far, the only disease it is used to detect is AIDS.

It's possible that in the future, saliva will yield information about certain diseases which can't be obtained currently from blood tests.

—"A Proteome to Drool Over", Science, March 23, 2007; page 1643.
Flecked or covered with saliva.
1. Any agent causing a flow of saliva.
2. An agent that increases the flow of saliva.
3. Promoting salivation; sialagogic.
Used to designate those species of Trypanosoma (genus of protozoa parasitic in the blood and lymph of invertebrates and vertebrates) which occur in the bloodstream of the secondary host, and are transmitted from its mouth when it bites a vertebrate.

Trypanosoma are a genus of Protozoa that causes serious infections in humans and domestic animals. African trypanosomes, of the brucei group, are carried by Tsetse flies and, when they enter the bloodstream of the mammalian host go through a complex series of stages.

salivarium (s) (noun), salivaria (pl)
A spittoon; especially, one genteelly disguised with a lid, ornamental casing, etc.: "There was an elegant salivarium in the corner of the fumarium or smoking room at the large hotel."
1. Of, relating to, or producing saliva.
2. Of or relating to a salivary gland.
3. Relating to saliva or the glands that secrete it; especially, producing or carrying saliva.
4. Pertaining to or existing in the saliva or salivary glands.

The salivary glands produce saliva, which keeps the mouth and other parts of the digestive system moist. It also helps break down carbohydrates (with salivary amylase, formerly known as ptyalin) and lubricates the passage of food down from the oro-pharynx to the esophagus to the stomach.

There are three main pairs of salivary glands: the parotid, the submandibular and the sublingual glands. There are also many small glands in the tongue, cheeks, lips and palate, all of which consist entirely of mucous secreting cells.

salivate, salivated, salivating
1. To produce saliva in the mouth, especially at an increased or excessive rate; such as, when food is seen, smelled, or expected.
2. To cause an animal in an experiment to produce large amounts of saliva.
3. To feel or show an immense desire for or appreciation of something; an informal usage: "I'm practically salivating because of the sweet smell of the baking cake"; "He salivated at the idea of winning the lottery."
1. The act or process of secreting saliva.
2. An abnormally abundant flow of saliva.
3. Secretion or discharge of saliva; especially, the production of an excessive flow of saliva by administering mercury.

Other related saliva and/or spittle units: ptyalo-; sialo-; sput-.