archaeo-, archeo-, archae-, arche-, archa-, archi-, -arch

(Greek: original [first in time], beginning, first cause, origin, ancient, primitive, from the beginning; most basic)

classical archaeology, classical archeology (s) (noun); classical archaeologies; classical archeologies (pl)
A field within historical archaeology specializing in the study of Old World Greek and Roman civilizations, their antecedents, and their contemporaries: Many archaelolgists were interested in studying classical archaeology describing the societies they had perused in written works in Greek and Latin.
dendroarcheology, dendroarchaeology (s) (noun) (no pl)
The dating of events or time intervals in past periods based on the variation in patterns of growth rings of trees and old wood: The science of dendroarcheology involves the calculation of the ages of wooden things in archaeological sites.
ethnoarchaeology, ethnoarcheology (s) (noun) (no pl)
1. The branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures: Lynn was certainly interested in very old civilisations, material things, and very old traditions so she decided to study ethnoarchaeology
2. The use of archaeological/archeological techniques and data to study living cultures, especially current or recent aboriginal groups, such as the Inuit or Bushmen.

Ethnoarchaeology is the study of contemporary cultures with a view to understanding the behavioral relationships which underlie the production of material culture. It uses archaeological techniques and data to study these living cultures and uses ethnographic data to inform the examination of the archaeological record.

Ethnoarchaeology is a relatively new branch of the discipline, followed particularly in America. It seeks to compare the patterns recognized in the material culture from archaeological contexts with patterns yielded through the study of living societies.

The ethnoarchaeologist is particularly concerned with the manufacture, distribution, and use of artifacts, the remains of various processes that might be expected to survive, and the interpretation of archaeological material in the light of the ethnographic information.

Less materially oriented questions. such as technological development, subsistence strategies, and social evolution are also compared in archaeology and ethnolo, under the general heading of ethnographic analogy.

ethnozooarchaeological research (s) (noun), ethnozooarchaeological researches (pl)
A study of traditional treatment of animal diseases which includes medical care of human medical conditions: The focus of ethnozooarchaeological research is primarily on the use of botanicals readily available, how they are identified, collected, processed, and under what conditions they are used to treat ailments.
exoarchaeology, exoarcheology (s) (noun) (no pl)
In science fiction, a study of the physical remains of alien cultures; xenoarchaeology; xenoarcheology: Exoarchaeology is concerned with the remains found on planets, other than the Earth, which have been occupied by extraterrestrials.
geoarchaeology (s) (noun) (no pl)
The techniques of geology applied to archaeological issues, such as dating methodology, mineral identification, soil and stratification analysis; the investigation of the relationship between archaeological and geological processes: Geoarchaeology is an ecological approach to archaeology with the goal of understanding the physical context of archaeological remains and the emphasis on the interrelationships among cultural and land systems.

industrial archaeology (noun) (no pl)
The archaeological study of the period and sites of the Industrial Revolution and later: Industrial archaeology is the research of machines, methods, buildings, and locations which are characteristic of the early history of the Industrial Revolution or used by various industries in the past.

Industrial archaeology involves the discovery, recording, and investigation of the material remains of past industrial activities, covering ways of making, transporting, and distributing products.

protoarchaeology, protoarcheology (s) (noun) (no pl)
The study of prehistoric human artifacts and human fossils: At the site, Ray talked to a scientist in the field of protoarchaeology who told him a lot about man-made objects and fossilised remains of very early and primitive cultures.
pseudo-archaeology, pseudoarchaeology, pseudoarcheology (s) (noun) (no pl)
The use of selective archeological evidence, real or imagined, to promulgate nonscientific, fictional accounts of the past: The methods used by pseudoarchaeology include exaggeration of evidence, romanticised conclusions, the employment of fallacy, and fictionalised evidence.

Other known terms for pseudoarchaeology are alternative archaeology, fantastic archaeology, and spooky archaeology.

pubarche (s) (noun) (no pl)
Onset or the physical changes of puberty: The beginning of pubarche first starts with the appearance of pubic hair:
public archaeology, public archeology (s) (noun) (no pl)
A branch of archeeology dealing with the impact of construction and development on archaeological sites and laws enacted to lessen the threat: In the U.S., public archaeology has helped to create the industries of salvage archaeology or cultural resource management (in the U.K., it is called "rescue archaeology").

quantitative archaeology, quantitative archeology (s) (noun) (no pl)
Archaeological techniques dependent on counting, measuring, and the use of statistical methods and computers: Amanda was amazed at the number of aspects involved in quantitative archaeology to find out as much as possible regarding historical remains found in sites.
rescue archaeology, rescue archeology (s) (noun) (no pl)
The branch of archaeology devoted to studying artifacts and features on sites which are imminently threatened by development in the form of the construction of dams, buildings, highways, etc,: Rescue archaeology is concerned with the threats to archaeological remains occurring in the form of road-building, road improvement, new building of houses, offices, and industrial complexes, the flooding of valleys for reservoirs, and improved farming techniques involving the use of deep plowing.

The rescue, or salvage, archaeologist, is concerned with the retrieval of as much information as possible about the archaeological sites before they are damaged or destroyed. Frequently time is too short and funds are too limited for anything but a brief survey.

salvage archaeology, salvage archeology (s) (noun) (no pl)
A branch of ancient times that are devoted to studying artifacts and features on sites which are in danger of being damaged or destroyed by development in the form of the construction of dams, buildings, highways, etc.: Salvage archaeology includes the location, recording (usually through excavation), and collection of archaeological data from a site in advance of highway construction, drainage projects, or urban development.

In the U.S., the first major program of salvage archaeology was undertaken during the1930s, ahead of the construction and dam building done by the Tennessee Valley authority.

The rescue, or salvage, archaeologist, is concerned with the retrieval of as much information as possible about the archaeological sites before they are damaged or destroyed.

xenoarchaeology, xenoarcheology (s) (noun) (no pl)
A proto-science that exists so far mainly in science fiction works, especially those that have to do with space exploration, such as Star Trek: Xenoarchaeology is primarily concerned with the physical remains of alien cultures which might be found on planets which have been inhabited or visited by extraterrestrials.

Related "time" units: aevum, evum; Calendars; chrono-; horo-; pre-; Quotes: Time; tempo-.