archaeo-, archeo-, archae-, arche-, archa-, archi-, -arch

(Greek: original [first in time], beginning, first cause, origin, ancient, primitive, from the beginning; most basic)

antarchism (s) (noun), antarchisms (pl)
The principle of opposition to all forms of government and to any restraint of individuals by laws: Believers in antarchism are against any organized government."
archaebacterium (s) (noun), archaebacteria (pl)
One kind of simple bacteria-like microorganism in the kingdom of Archaea: Judy learned that an archaebacterium was able to produce methane and survive in anaerobic, extraordinarily hot, salty, or even acidic environments.
archaeoastronomer (s) (noun), archaeoastronomers (pl)
A person who studies the knowledge, interpretations, and practices of ancient cultures regarding celestial objects or phenomena: An archaeoastronomer does research of the ancient or traditional astronomies in their cultural context, utilising archaeological and anthropological evidence.

It has been stated that Heinrich Nissen might have been the first archaeoastronomer who did research in the middle of the 19th century.

archaeoastronomy (s) (noun), archaeoastronomies (pl)
The study of the knowledge, interpretations, and practices of ancient cultures regarding celestial objects or phenomena: Archaeoastronomy includes the scientific research of the beliefs and customs in regards to the astronomy that was present in very early and prehistoric societies.
archaeobacterium (s) (noun), archaeobacteria (pl)
A form of life that developed apart from bacteria and flue-green algae: In 2004, an archaeobacterium was considered to be a portion or section of the subkingdom of the kingdom Bacteria.
archaeofauna, archeofauna (s) (noun); archaeofaunas; archeofaunas (pl)
Any assemblage of animal remains recovered from a single archaeological context: The scientists were thrilled at finding some archaeofaunas, or fragments of prehistoric animals, at the site of their diggings.
archaeogeological, archeogeological (adjective); more archaeogeological, most archaeogeological; more archeogeological, most archeogeological
Referring to ancient geological conditions or situations: For a long time Vesuvius and Pompeii had been an archaeogeological mystery. Bodies found on dense layers of ash indicate that the volcano had been actively pouring pumice and ash into the atmosphere for some time, but also that the inhabitants had felt secure enough not to flee.

When the end came, however, it came so quickly that people were caught wherever they were. Hundreds of people in Herculaneum, who had time to run and find refuge in doored arched storage caverns, were still exposed to such surface temperatures. It is written that a hand raised to protect the face was burned to the bone, while the other hand, unexposed to the blast, was not.

archaeogeology (s) (noun), archaeogeologies (pl)
The branch pf geology pertaining to ancient geological conditions or situations: Wendy was quite interested in the geological formations of the distant past and so she decided to study archaeogeology at the university in her city.
archaeo-geophysics, archeo-geophysics; archaeogeophysics, archeogeophysics (s) (noun) (no pl)
Any systematic collection of ancient geophysical data: The Geological Society in London has lecture programs set up regarding archaeo-geophysics for those who are interested in the ancient past.
archaeolater (s) (noun), archaeolaters (pl)
A person who worships anything old which is no longer being used: Clifford was considered to be an archaeolater because he loved all the very old things that his great-grandfather had, and started collecting many other old and interesting objects and books from different antique stores.
archaeolatry, archeolatry (s) (noun) (no pl)
The devotion to, or the worship of, ancient things: One of Mr. Hutchison's hobbies was archaeolatry because he was especially fond of learning more about old customs and expressions, and collecting very old and archaic objects.
archaeological chemistry, archeological chemistry (s) (noun); archaeological chemistries; archeological chemistries (pl)
The application of chemical theories, processes, and experimental procedures in order to obtain archaeological data and find solutions of problems in archaeology: The field of archaeological chemistry includes laboratory analysis of artifacts and materials found in an archaeological context.

archaeological chronology, archeological chronology (s) (noun); archaeological chronologies; archeological chronologies (pl)
An archaeological timeline or timescale: An archaeological chronology is an establishment of the temporal sequences of human cultures by the application of a variety of dating methods of cultural remains.
archaeological conservancy, archeological conservancy (s) (noun); archaeological conservancies; archeological conservancies (pl)
Any private, nonprofit organization working to save archaeological sites from destruction: An archaeological conservancy works or functions primarily by purchasing threatened sites and protecting the sites until they can be turned over to responsible agencies, such as national parks.

archaeological culture, archeological culture (s) (noun); archaeological cultures; archeological cultures (pl)
The constantly recurring artifacts or a group of assemblages that represent or are typical of a specific ancient culture at a particular time and place: The term archaeological culture describes the maximum grouping of all assemblages that represent the sum of the human activities carried out within a culture.

Related "time" units: aevum, evum; Calendars; chrono-; horo-; pre-; Quotes: Time; tempo-.