pon-, posit-, pos-, -poning, -poned, -ponency, -ponent, -ponement, -pound

(Latin: to place, to put, to set; placement, positioning)

posturer (s) (noun), posturers (pl)
1. A person who assumes unusual attitudes or expressions: Eric was a frequent posturer at the school debates.
2. Anyone who manipulates or places limbs and body parts in a particular fashion: Gary, the posturer, assisted the studio artists by directing the models to move and to place their arms and legs in special positions.
posturist (s) (noun), posturists (pl)
1. Someone who places his or her body in certain positions: When the posturist, Dwight, was accused of misbehavior, he presented a defiant pose with his hands on his hips.
2. Those who have a frame of mind that affects their behavior and overall attitude: In church, the posturists, including Carolyn and Lesley, presented an attitude of prayer and worship.
3. People who assume or who take exaggerated attitudes by placing their bodies in unusual stances: There was a crowd of posturists sitting in the street in front of the bank with their arms folded across their chests and demanding that the wealthy pay more taxes.
predispose (verb), predisposes; predisposed; predisposing
1. To cause or to make someone develop a particular attitude: By reading to her children at a young age, Marie was hoping to predispose them toward the love of books and reading.

If a litigant predisposes a judge, the judge has an inclination in that person's favor before the trial begins.

2. To be susceptible to an unhealthy condition or disease: Karla's medical history suggested that she was predisposed to bronchial infections during the winter.
To incline or to adapt beforehand in a favorable way.
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predisposition (s) (noun), predispositions (pl)
A condition that suggests susceptibility or inclination towards something, such as a mood or a health issue: Randy had a predisposition of developing a skin rash because of heat or overexposure to the sun as a child.

Based on Hope's childhood experiences, it would seem she has a predisposition to laughter and fun.

Brian had a latent predisposition to a disease which could be activated by stress.

prepose (verb), preposes; preposed; preposing
1. To affix a prefix to something: Mrs. Smith told her student, Jill, that she would need to prepose "dis" to the word "cover" in order to create another word known as "discover".
2. To place a word, or words, before another one in a sentence: When writing a formal letter, be sure to prepose the title of the addressee correctly.
3. To make an advanced arrangement: Mr. and Mrs. Lawson's plans preposed Susan's suggestion that they go together to the ice rink the following day.
preposition (s) (noun), prepositions (pl)
1. A word that indicates or shows the relationship between its object (the noun or pronoun following it) and other words in a sentence: The most common prepositions show direction, as "through the door", time, as"during his sleep", and possession, like "with Susan's mother".

In the sentence, "Please put the glass on the table", the word "on" is a preposition that indicates the relationship of the "glass" with the "table".

In "It will be time to catch the train in one hour", "in" is the preposition.

2. A word that, when combined with pronouns, nouns, or noun phrases, indicates a position in time or spaces, motions, agencies, relationships, or purposes: Prepositions govern their objects by deciding which words or phrases their objects may be associated with. "The houses by the road were all sold yesterday." "Road" is the object of the preposition and "by" determines that "road" will be associated with "houses".

3. Etymology: from Latin praepositionem, praepositio, "a putting before", from praepositus, past participle of praeponere, "to put before"; from prae, "before" + ponere "to put, to place, to set".
prepositional (adjective) (not comparable)
1. Relating to a word or phrase that is combined so that it is used to describe a place, a location, or a time: In the sentence, "Put the vase on top of the bookcase", the phrase "on top of" is a prepositional adjectival phrase describing the relationship or position of the vase with the bookcase.
2. Concerning a grammatical construction that is followed by a noun or a pronoun either of which may be made of two or more elements and have modifiers: A prepositional phrase that describes a noun or a pronoun is identified as adjectival.

Examples of adjectival prepositional phrases include the following:

The painting in the corner is my favorite.

They flew a plane with twin engines.

The person on the corner with his hand raised is her brother. [with two prepositional phrases functioning as adjectives]

prepositional phrase (s) (noun), prepositional phrases (pl)
A word or a group of words used with a noun, a pronoun, or a noun phrase to indicate either location, direction, or time: Prepositions are always part of a group of words called a prepositional phrase which begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or a pronoun known as the "object of the preposition".

The ice in the lemonade cooled the drink.

She saw the movie with her friend.

Jacob checked under the couch and chair as he tried to find the coins that he dropped.

prepositionally (adverb); more prepositionally, most prepositionally
Pertaining to how a phrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb by pointing out where, when, in what manner, to what degree or to what extent:

Prepositionally modifying a verb:

We sat on the park bench. (Sat where?)
He should arrive within the hour. (Arrive when?)
Except for the border, the quilt was finished. (Was finished to what extent?)

Prepositionally modifying an adverb:

He left early in the morning. (Early when?)

A sentence that contains more than one adverbial phrase, and both of them prepositionally modify the same word [climbed]: During the cool morning hours, they climbed to the summit. (Climbed when? Climbed where?)

propone (verb), propones; proponed; proponing
1. To articulate, to suggest, to bring forward an idea or suggestion: What were you proponing when you suggested a picnic in a snowstorm?
2. In law, to put forward or to present a case before a jury or judicial magistrate: Mrs. Dawson, the lawyer, sought to propone the innocence of Janice, her client, before the jury.
proponent (s) (noun), proponents (pl)
Individuals who advocate for or argue in favor of doing something: Councilor Jackson and Mayor Evans are both proponents of safe waste disposal in the city.
Someone who supports a cause or who makes a proposal; an advocate.
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proposal (s) (noun), proposals (pl)
1. A plan, either written or verbal, that presents an idea or action for consideration: There were several proposals presented to the city council for the widening of the local streets.
2. A suggestion or offer for unification or marriage: Irving made a romantic proposal of marriage over a candlelight dinner.

At the board meeting, the chairperson of the committee, Mr. McMahon, made the proposal that the two businesses be unified.

3. The act of putting forth an idea for consideration and discussion: The heavy rain storms and flooding led to a proposal that the city drains be cleaned.
propose (verb), proposes; proposed; proposing
1. To present or to bring forward an idea for consideration and discussion: Ms Pitt, the author, proposed a book tour to promote her new book.

The teacher, Mrs. Richison, proposed an outline of reading to be done by her students during the school break.

2. To make an offer of marriage or of joining properties: When he proposed marriage to her, Dwight also proposed that their two households be united.
3. To recommend or to suggest an individual for a position or employment: It was considered a conflict of interest for Mayor Jones to propose his brother for the new library board.
proposition (s) (noun), propositions (pl)
1. A statement or suggestion made for others to review and to discuss: There were several propositions made to reduce the cost of building the new bridge.
2. A recommendation regarding laws or changing of laws that citizens may vote on: At the time of the fall election, there were two new propositions on the ballot regarding road improvements.
3. An indecent or offensive idea or offer: Dudley's proposition, that the accountant cheat on the tax forms, was rejected.
propound (verb), propounds; propounded; propounding
To bring up or to set forth an idea for consideration and discussion: Mr. Jackson will be propounding his ideas for civic reform in his lecture on "Responsible Government".
To offer for consideration.
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To propose as a personal philosophy.
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Related word families intertwined with "to place, placing, to put; to add; to stay; to attach" word units: fix-; prosth-; stato-; the-, thes-.