polis-, polit-, poli-

(Greek: city; method of government; citizenship, government, administration)

Don't confuse this polis, "city" with the suffix -polism, etc. meaning "selling".

aerotropolis (air oh TROP uh lis; air oh TRAHP uh lis) (s), aerotropoli (pl)
1. A city in which the layout, infrastructure, and economy are centered around a major airport.
2. An airport city core and an outlying area of business stretching along transportation corridors.

Also called an aviation city or an airport city. In its purest form, the aerotropolis is an economic hub that extends out from a large airport into a surrounding area which consists mostly of distribution centers, office buildings, light manufacturing firms, convention centers, and hotels, all linked to the airport via roads, expressways (aerolinks), and rail lines (aerotrains). This business-centered version of the aerotropolis is also called an air-commerce cluster or an airport cluster.

Although the plural of metropolis is often rendered as metropolises, the plural of aerotropolis isn't aerotropolises; instead, it is aerotropoli. The difference is probably because more people are now using metropoli as the plural of metropolis, a usage change that dictionaries have not incorporated, yet; although it has been in usage since about 1978.

—Compiled from information presented by Paul McFedries at Word Spy.

Etymologically, the problem with the creation of this new word is that the coinage has torn off a piece of metro [tro], "mother" and added it to aero, "air" and then added polis, "city"; making it more complicated than necessary. It would have been better to make the word aeropolis (s), aeropoli (pl), "air city".

Annapolis (s) (noun) (Proper Noun, no plural)
The capital of Maryland, in the central part of the state on an inlet of Chesapeake Bay south-southeast of Baltimore. Settled in 1649, it was the site of the Annapolis Convention in 1786, which led to the federal Constitutional Convention of 1787. The U.S. Naval Academy, founded in 1845, is in Annapolis.
apolitical (adjective), more apolitical, most apolitical
1. Not related to, nor dealing with the structure or affairs of a government or the state: "Allen was a member of an apolitical organization."
2. Not involved nor interested in activities or ideas that involve gaining power in a country or over some special area of the world.
Aquapolis (s) (noun), Aquapoleis (pl)
1. City, or cities, near the water; or water city.
2. A name given to several projects of cities on and under the water: "The name of 'The 8th Wonder of the world is the Aquapolis, the world's first undersea hotel and resort complex'."

"The Aquapolis Hotel says that it will 'hoast over 500 rooms, all of which will have an ocean view' (below the surface) and it is located at Mykonos, Cydades Islands, Greece."

Biopolis (s) (noun) (no plural)
An integrated network of life-science research centers and biotech start-ups located in Singapore: "Biopolis is an international research and development center located in Singapore for biomedical sciences which came into existence about the year 2003."
Constantinople
1. The largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
2. The proper name from 330 B.C. to 1930 A.D. of what is now Istanbul, from Greek Konstantinou polis, "Constantine's city", named for Roman emperor Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus, whose name is derived from Latin constans, "standing firm, stable, steadfast".
cosmopolis
1. The (capital) city of the world; a cosmopolitan city or community.
2. A large city inhabited by people from many different countries.
cosmopolitan
1. Pertinent or common to the whole world: "An issue of cosmopolitan import."
2. Having constituent elements from all over the world or from many different parts of the world: "The ancient and cosmopolitan societies of Syria and Egypt."
3. So sophisticated as to be at home in all parts of the world or conversant with many spheres of interest: "A cosmopolitan traveler."
4. In ecology, growing or occurring in many parts of the world; widely distributed.

This conception is contrasted with ideologies of patriotism and nationalism. Cosmopolitanism may or may not entail some sort of world government or it may simply refer to more inclusive moral, economic, and/or political relationships between nations or individuals of different nations.

cosmopolitanism
In the realms of social and political philosophy, cosmopolitanism is the idea that all of humanity belongs to a single moral community.
cosmopolite
1. A person who is cosmopolitan in his or her ideas, life, etc.; citizen of the world.
2. An animal or plant of worldwide distribution.
3. Someone who is at home everywhere; such as, a person of world-wide experience and travel.
4. A person without national ties or prejudices; international in outlook.
craniopolis
A city of skulls.
Decapolis
A confederacy in northeast Palestine of ten Roman-controlled cities settled by Greeks. It was formed after 63 b.c. and dominated by Damascus.
depoliticize
To remove the political aspect from; remove from political influence or control.
ecopolis
A new form of city living which includes the "greening" of megacities and even small cities starting by recycling whatever is possible and cuting car use to a minimum; as well as:
  • Developing energy-efficient buildings.
  • Placing emphasis on increasing the use of public transportation.
  • Redesigning how cities are organized to integrate work and living areas into a single neighborhood; rather than separating cities into residential, commercial, and industrial zones.
  • Utilizing hanging gardens and water fountains to cool the air.
  • Developing wind turbines and roof-top solar cells to generate the electricity used in buildings.
  • Rooftop rainwater collectors to supply much of the water needs.
  • Minimize the need for the use of cars by building multiple centers where people live close to their work in high-rise blocks that are also near public transportation hubs.
  • Planting more trees along the streets to help reduce the air temperature.
  • Have more low-rise buildings surrounded by forests, organic farms, and lakes.
  • Providing better recycling of waste products with anaerobic digesters to convert sewage and compost into biogas which will be used for cooking, heating, and power generation.
  • Develop walkable areas with shops, schools, jobs, and services close to housing.
  • Lay out streets to favor public transportation, bicycles, and pedestrians; and to make it difficult for cars to be used.
  • "Urban farming creates green spaces, recycles waste, cuts down on freight transport, prevents soil erosion and is good for the microclimate."
    —Jac Smit, president of The Urban Agriculture Network run by the UN Development Program
—Information from "Ecopolis Now" by Fred Pearce; New Scientist,
June 17, 2006; pages 36-45.
geopolitical
Of or relating to geopolitics.