plasmo-, plasm-, plast- plasma-, plasmato-, -plasmat-, -plasia, -plasis, -plasm, -plasmatic, -plasmic, -plast, -plastic, -plasy, -plasty

(Greek: made, molded, formed)

plastic (s), plastics (pl) (nouns)
A light but strong material produced by a chemical process that is used for making a variety of things: "Almost all of the toys that the children have are made of plastics and even the credit cards used by the parents to buy the toys are made of plastics."
plasticize (verb), plasticizes; plasticized; plasticizing
1. To make or to become any of a large group of synthetic compounds made from basic raw materials, such as coal, water, and limestone and molded by heat, pressure, etc. into a variety of forms: Many bottles have been plasticized so they can contain water, milk, and other liquids for people to buy and to use.
2. To make mouldable: While sculpturing, the artist can plasticize the material to form many artistic figures.
1. The complex, semifluid, translucent substance that constitutes the living matter of plant and animal cells and clearly presents the essential life functions of a cell.

Composed of proteins, fats, and other molecules suspended in water, it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm.

2. The colorless liquid or jelly contents of a living cell, composed of proteins, fats, and other organic substances in water and which is regarded as the physical basis of all living matter and life functions.

At first, Czech physiologist Jan Evangelista Purkinje gave the name protoplasm to the living material within the cell, in 1839.

He referred specifically to the gelatinous embryonic material in an egg because this first-formed material reminded him of the word protoplasm which was used to describe Adam, the first formed man, in the Bible.

—Compiled from information provided in
Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins;
by Robert Hendrickson; Facts On File, Inc.; New York; 1997; page 547.
1. That which is formed first.
2. The living portion of a cell considered as a unit which includes the cytoplasm, the nucleus, and the plasma membrane.

3. A plant, fungal, or bacterial cell that has had its cell wall removed.
4. The living substance of a plant or bacterial cell, excluding the cell wall.
Plastic surgery of the nipples.