-penia- (s), -penias (pl), -penic, pen-, penia- +
(Greek > Modern Latin: abnormal reduction, decrease in, insufficient, deficiency. Originally, the meaning was poverty, need; sometimes it is erroneously or incorrectly rendered as -poenia)
2. An abnormally low level of chloride in the blood.
Signs and symptoms are those of alkalosis (a pathologic condition caused by excessive base in the body, or a lack of equilibrium between acidity and alkalinity, including loss of acid without comparable loss of base in the body fluids. There is a decrease in hydrogen ion concentration and an increase in pH).
2. A deficiency of some cellular element of the blood.
2. Decreased numbers of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in the blood, which occurs in some forms of anemia or a deficiency of red blood cells.
2. The reduction or decrease in the amount of fibrinogen in the blood, usually because of a liver disorder.
2. A deficiency of sugar in the blood or tissues.
Glycopenia may be caused by the administration of too much insulin, excessive secretion of insulin by the islet sells of the pancreas, or the result of a dietary deficiency.
This condition can cause weakness, headache, hunger, visual disturbances, ataxia, anxiety, personality changes, and, if untreated, delirium, coma, and even death.
2. A situation in which there is water deficiency or a lack of water in body tissues.