-osis, -sis, -sia, -sy, -se
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; actor, process, condition, or state of; result of; expresses a state or abnormal condition or process of some disease)
actinomycosis (s) (noun), actinomycoses (pl)
An inflammatory bacterial disease of cattle and other animals, sometimes caught by humans, that resembles a fungus and causes swelling of the abdomen, chest, and especially the jaw: Actinomycosis, a chronic disease of cattle, swine, and humans, is characterized by hard granulomatous masses, usually in the mouth and jaw.
It is also distinguished by deep, lumpy abscesses that extrude a yellow, granular pus through multiple sinuses.
This disease occurs worldwide, but is seen most frequently in those who live in rural areas.
adenofibrosis (s) (noun), adenofibroses (pl)
Fibroid change in a gland: An adenofibrosis can be a nodular, benign breast lesion or a benign nodular microscopic lesion of the prostate.
adenolipomatosis (s) (noun), adenolipomatoses (pl)
A condition characterized by the development of multiple adenolipomas: Adenolipomatosis is formed by many adenolipomas in the areas of the groin, axilla, and neck.
adenomatosis (s) (noun), adenomatoses (pl)
A condition characterized by multiple glandular overgrowths: The kind of cancer Tom was diagnosed with was adenomatosis, which showed numerous adenomas inside one of his organs.
adenomyosis (s) (noun) (no pl)
The ectopic occurrence or diffuse implantation of adenomatous tissue in muscle (usually smooth muscle); endometriosis: Adenomyosis can affect the uterine wall or the Fallopian tubes with endometrial tissues.
adenosclerosis (s) (noun) (no pl)
The hardening of a gland: The old-fashioned term adenosclerosis refers to the induration of the tissue of a gland or of a lymph node, being either benign and reactive or malignant.
adenosis (s) (noun), adenines (pl)
A rarely used term for a more or less generalized glandular disease: Adenosis is a nonthreatening glandular ailment and is characterized by a benign swelling and enlarged lymph glands.
adiponecrosis (s) (noun), adiponecroses (pl)
Necrosis of fatty tissue or death of fatty-tissue cells: Adiponecrocis can occur in hemorrhagic pancreatitis.
adiposis (s) (noun), adiposes (pl)
Excessive local or general accumulation of fat in the body; lipomatosis; liposis; steatosis: Adiposis can be described as corpulence or obesity.
aerasthenia, aeroneurosis, aviators' neurasthenia (s) (noun); aerasthenias; aeroneuroses; aviators' neurasthenias (pl)
A neurosis seen in aviators consisting of anxiety, restlessness, and variable physical complaints that appear while flying: Aerasthenia is a nervous disorder of airplane pilots caused by the tension of excessive flying and characterized by abdominal pains, digestive disturbances like the aviators' stomach, exhaustion, fearfulness, and air neurosis.
aerobiosis (s) (noun), aerobioses (pl)
Growith or the occurrence of life only in the presence of molecular oxygen: Aerobiosis concerns life forms, or their rexistence, in the air with free oxygen.
Aertobiosis pertains to life, or the organic wonder or miracle, which makes the difference between living forms of life and nonliving forms of life.
Life which is sustainable by means of atmospheric oxygen is termed aerobiosis.
aerobullosis (s) (noun), aerobulloses (pl)
Decompression sickness: Aerobullosis, or the reduction of atmospheric pressure, affects people who have ascended to great heights, or affects those who have descended to great depths (divers' disease).
aeromorphosis (s) (noun), aeromorphoses (pl)
The modification of a form or structure because of exposure to air or wind: Aeromophosis can be exemplified by the changing shapes, contours, and appearance of sand dunes in a desert resulting from varying air currents and wind.
aerosis (s) (noun), aeroses (pl)
The production of gas in the tissues of the body: Aerosis is the creation of gas inside the body which is generated by bacteria, for example in gas gangrene.
Poisoning caused by the consumption of substances or foods contaminated with aflatoxin (fungal toxin which is a powerful liver carcinogen).