nephr-, nephro-, nephri-, -nephric

(Greek: nephros; kidney, kidneys)

nephrolith
A calculus formed in the kidney; also known as a "kidney stone".
nephrolithiasis
The process of forming a kidney stone, an existing stone in the kidney; or lower down in the urinary tract.

Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin and they occur in one in twenty people at some time in their lives.

nephrolithotomy, lithonephrotomy
Incision into the kidney for the removal of a renal calculus or "kidney stone".
nephrologist
nephrology
nephrolysis
nephrolytic
nephromalacia
Softening of the kidneys.
nephromancy
Divination by looking at the kidneys of a sacrificed victim.
nephromegaly
Nephronophthisis 1 (NPH1)
1. A childhood kidney disease in which there is progressive symmetrical destruction of the kidneys involving both the tubules and glomeruli, characteristically resulting in anemia, polyuria, polydipsia, isosthenuria (decreased ability to concentrate the urine), progressive renal failure and death in uremia.

The chronic kidney failure affects growth and leads to short stature. The age at death ranges from around four to fifteen years.

2. Etymology: derived from nephron + phthisis.

The nephron is the fundamental functional unit in the kidney and includes the renal tubule and glomerulus. Phthisis is a Greek word meaning "a dwindling or wasting away".

nephropathic
nephropathy
nephropathy
Any disease of the kidneys.
nephropexy
The surgical fixation of a floating or mobile kidney.