(Greek: mucus; a protective secretion from the mucous membranes in the nose, throat, and lungs; a thick fluid produced by the linings of some tissues of the body and is secreted as a protective lubricant coating by cells and glands of the mucous membranes)
Don't confuse this myco- meaning "mucus" with another myco- meaning "fungus, fungi".
Actinomyces are known for causing disease in humans, and for the important role they play in soil ecology. They produce a number of enzymes that help degrade organic plant material, lignin and chitin. As such, their presence is important in the formation of compost.
2. A chronic disease of cattle, swine, and humans characterized by hard granulomatous masses usually in the mouth and jaw.
It is characterized by deep, lumpy abscesses that extrude a tin, granular pus through multiple sinuses.
This disease occurs worldwide but is seen most frequently in those who live in rural areas.
Mushrooms, puffballs, rusts, bracket fungi, and smuts are basidiomycotes.
2. Infection with a fungus called Blastomyces dermatitidis.
It usually presents a flu-like illness with fever, chills, productive cough, myalgia, arthralgia, and pleuritic chest pain.
Some patients fail to recover and develop chronic pulmonary infection or widespread disseminated infection; affecting the skin, bones, and genitourinary tract. It occasionally affects the meninges which cover the brain and spinal cord.
People who are at an elevated risk for the disease are those in areas with endemic disease with exposures to wooded sites; such as, farmers, forestry workers, hunters, and campers. The disease can leave permanent lung damage.
2. A long-term fungal infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
2. A fungal infection of the skin; especially, of moist parts of the body that are covered by clothing.