musico-, music- +

(Greek: mousike [techne] > Latin: musica, music; originally an art of the Muses)

Pertaining to the Muses, especially the Muses of lyric poetry and song. From Muse plusicos, meaning "the art of combining sounds in sequence so as to produce aesthetic pleasure in the listener".

amusia (s) (noun), amusias (pl)
1. Musical inability, whether for perception, production, or reproduction of vocal or instrumental sounds: From an educational perspective, knowledge of every aspect of congenital amusia should enrich the current view of other forms of learning disabilities; such as, dysphasia and dyslexia.
2. Music deafness or the inability of a person to produce or to appreciate musical sounds: The continued efforts in understanding the causes of congenital amusia should shed light on the question as to whether or not music processing corresponds to a genuine specialization of the brain.
3. An inability to recognize the significance of sounds, manifested as a loss of the ability to recognize or to produce music: Amusias show a particular deficit in discriminating musical pitch variations and in recognizing familiar melodies.
4. A condition in which there is the loss of a musical ability: It was tragic that the composer suffered amusia and was unable to continue to compose his own music or even to read the musical scores of other composers.
5. Etymology: from Greek amousia, then through New Latin, "being without the Muses"; especially, with singing.
band music
An ensemble of musicians primarily playing woodwind, brass, and percussion instruments, as distinguished from an orchestra, which contains stringed instruments.

Another designation for the word band music has wider vernacular applications, from generalized usage (as in "dance band" and "jazz band") to the very specific (as in "harmonica band", "brass band", and "string band").

The term was first used in England to apply to the "king’s band" of 24 violins at the court of Charles II who reigned in 1660–1685, a group which was based on Louis XIV's (king of France from 1643 to 1715) famous group of violins.

chamber music
Music that is composed for small ensembles of instrumentalists.

In its original sense, chamber music referred to music composed for the home, as opposed to that written for the theater or church.

Since the "home" (whether it be drawing room, reception hall, or palace chamber) may be assumed to be of limited size, chamber music usually has no more than one player to a part and it usually has no conductor.

It is music which has been written for combinations of stringed or wind instruments, often with a keyboard (piano or harpsichord) as well, and music for voices with or without accompaniment have historically been included in the chamber music term.

choral music
Music which is sung by a choir with two or more voices assigned to each part.

Choral music is necessarily polyphonal; that is, consisting of two or more autonomous (self-sufficient) vocal lines and it has a long history in European church music.

electro-acoustic music, electroacoustic music (s) (noun) (no pl)
The electronic generation and processing of audio signals or the electronic processing of natural sounds, and the manipulation and arrangement of these signals via tape recorders into a finished musical composition: "Electro-acoustic music is recorded and edited on tape and the reproduction involves the use of loudspeakers."

Some electroacoustic music is created by arranging electronically synthesized sounds into a formal pattern with musical qualities which might resemble those of normal musical instruments.

electronic music synthesizer
An audio signal processor which contains sound generators (oscillators) and additional circuitry; such as, filters to produce familiar sounds including those produced by conventional musical instruments, or to create unique sounds and effects.
electronic musical instrument
1. A musical instrument in which an audio signal is produced by a pickup or audio oscillator and amplified electronically to feed a loudspeaker; such as, in an electric guitar, electronic carillon, electronic organ, or electronic piano.
2. A musical device that generates sounds electronically.
folk music
1. Music held to be typical of a nation or ethnic group, known to all segments of its society, and preserved usually by oral tradition.
2. A type of traditional and generally rural music which originally was passed down through families and other small social groups.

Typically, folk music, like folk literature, lives in oral tradition. It is learned through hearing rather than reading.

It is functional in the sense that it is associated with other activities, and it is primarily rural in origin. The usefulness of the concept varies from culture to culture, but it is usually convenient as a designation of a type of music of Europe and the Americas.

God of sun, music, poetry, and medicine.
Greek: Phoebus Apollo
Latin: Phoebus Apollo

Symbols: Lyre (musical instrument resembling a harp), arrows, and sun chariot.

motor amusia
The inability to produce musical sounds.
1. A building, place, or institution devoted to the acquisition, conservation, study, exhibition, and educational interpretation of objects having scientific, historical, or artistic value.
2. Etymology: in the early 17th century, "the university building in Alexandria by Ptolemy Soter"; from Latin museum, "library, study"; from Greek mouseion, "place of study, library, museum"; originally, "a seat or shrine of the Muses"; from Mousa "Muse"; protectors of the arts, from Latin Musa, from Greek Mousa; literally, "muse, music, song".
1. The vocal or instrumental sounds (or both) combined in such a way as to produce beauty of form , harmony, and expression of emotion.
2. The art or science of composing or pleasingly harmonious sounds.
3. The written or printed signs representing vocal or instrumental sounds.

Usually implies sounds with distinct pitches that are arranged into melodies and organized into patterns of rhythm and meter.

The melody will usually be in a certain key or mode, and in Western music it will often suggest harmony that may be made explicit as accompanying chords or counterpoints (art of combining different melodic lines in a musical composition).

Music is an art which, in one guise or another, permeates every human society and it is used for such varied social purposes as ritual, worship, coordination of movement, communication, and entertainment.

music of the spheres, harmony of the spheres
The natural harmonic tones supposedly produced by the movement of the celestial spheres or the bodies fixed in them.
music recording
A physical record of a musical performance which can then be played back, or reproduced.
music to his or her ears; music to their ears, etc.
Something that is very pleasant or gratifying to hear or to discover: "An increase in employment opportunities for those without an income was music to their ears."