musico-, music- +
(Greek: mousike [techne] > Latin: musica, music; originally an art of the Muses)
Pertaining to the Muses, especially the Muses of lyric poetry and song. From Muse plusicos, meaning "the art of combining sounds in sequence so as to produce aesthetic pleasure in the listener".
2. Music deafness or the inability of a person to produce or to appreciate musical sounds: The continued efforts in understanding the causes of congenital amusia should shed light on the question as to whether or not music processing corresponds to a genuine specialization of the brain.
3. An inability to recognize the significance of sounds, manifested as a loss of the ability to recognize or to produce music: Amusias show a particular deficit in discriminating musical pitch variations and in recognizing familiar melodies.
4. A condition in which there is the loss of a musical ability: It was tragic that the composer suffered amusia and was unable to continue to compose his own music or even to read the musical scores of other composers.
5. Etymology: from Greek amousia, then through New Latin, "being without the Muses"; especially, with singing.
Another designation for the word band music has wider vernacular applications, from generalized usage (as in "dance band" and "jazz band") to the very specific (as in "harmonica band", "brass band", and "string band").
The term was first used in England to apply to the "king’s band" of 24 violins at the court of Charles II who reigned in 1660–1685, a group which was based on Louis XIV's (king of France from 1643 to 1715) famous group of violins.
In its original sense, chamber music referred to music composed for the home, as opposed to that written for the theater or church.
Since the "home" (whether it be drawing room, reception hall, or palace chamber) may be assumed to be of limited size, chamber music usually has no more than one player to a part and it usually has no conductor.
It is music which has been written for combinations of stringed or wind instruments, often with a keyboard (piano or harpsichord) as well, and music for voices with or without accompaniment have historically been included in the chamber music term.
Choral music is necessarily polyphonal; that is, consisting of two or more autonomous (self-sufficient) vocal lines and it has a long history in European church music.
"Some electroacoustic music is created by arranging electronically synthesized sounds into a formal pattern with musical qualities which might resemble those of normal musical instruments."
2. A musical device that generates sounds electronically.
2. A type of traditional and generally rural music which originally was passed down through families and other small social groups.
Typically, folk music, like folk literature, lives in oral tradition. It is learned through hearing rather than reading.
It is functional in the sense that it is associated with other activities, and it is primarily rural in origin. The usefulness of the concept varies from culture to culture, but it is usually convenient as a designation of a type of music of Europe and the Americas.
Latin: Phoebus Apollo
Symbols: Lyre (musical instrument resembling a harp), arrows, and sun chariot.
2. Etymology: in the early 17th century, "the university building in Alexandria by Ptolemy Soter"; from Latin museum, "library, study"; from Greek mouseion, "place of study, library, museum"; originally, "a seat or shrine of the Muses"; from Mousa "Muse"; protectors of the arts, from Latin Musa, from Greek Mousa; literally, "muse, music, song".
2. The art or science of composing or pleasingly harmonious sounds.
3. The written or printed signs representing vocal or instrumental sounds.
Usually implies sounds with distinct pitches that are arranged into melodies and organized into patterns of rhythm and meter.
The melody will usually be in a certain key or mode, and in Western music it will often suggest harmony that may be made explicit as accompanying chords or counterpoints (art of combining different melodic lines in a musical composition).
Music is an art which, in one guise or another, permeates every human society and it is used for such varied social purposes as ritual, worship, coordination of movement, communication, and entertainment.